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Colliery Ventilation Furnace at Pembrey

A Scheduled Monument in Pembrey and Burry Port Town (Pembre a Phorth Tywyn), Carmarthenshire (Sir Gaerfyrddin)

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Coordinates

Latitude: 51.69 / 51°41'23"N

Longitude: -4.27 / 4°16'12"W

OS Eastings: 243187

OS Northings: 201465

OS Grid: SN431014

Mapcode National: GBR GQ.DPQ0

Mapcode Global: VH3M8.XSYB

Entry Name: Colliery Ventilation Furnace at Pembrey

Scheduled Date: 13 January 1995

Source: Cadw

Source ID: 3290

Cadw Legacy ID: CM267

Schedule Class: Industrial

Category: Industrial monument

Period: Post Medieval/Modern

County: Carmarthenshire (Sir Gaerfyrddin)

Community: Pembrey and Burry Port Town (Pembre a Phorth Tywyn)

Built-Up Area: Pembrey

Traditional County: Carmarthenshire

Description

The monument consists of a ventilation furnace used to creating airflow throughout colliery workings and which dates from the early 19th century. It was used in association with the nearby Stanley’s Pit and was out of use by 1878. It comprises a small rubble stone chimney stack with surrounding masonry. The stack measures c 10m in height, 2m wide and square in section, slightly tapering to a string-coursed cap. The north side has remains of the ventilation drift; the furnace chamber may have stood on the west where there is an extended oblong stone structure which appears to have been truncated with a sloping concrete slab roof.

The monument is of national importance for its potential to enhance our knowledge of the early nineteenth century coal mining industry. The structures may be expected to contain archaeological information in regard to chronology, building techniques and functional detail. A ventillation furnace may be part of a larger cluster of industrial monuments and their importance can further enhanced by their group value.

The scheduled area comprises a square 10m by 10m centred on the stack containing the remains described and within which related evidence may be expected to survive.

Source: Cadw

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