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Latitude: 52.2224 / 52°13'20"N
Longitude: -3.8576 / 3°51'27"W
OS Eastings: 273203
OS Northings: 259874
OS Grid: SN732598
Mapcode National: GBR Y1.25RQ
Mapcode Global: VH4GG.2DZM
Entry Name: Castell Rhyfel
Scheduled Date: 20 May 1949
Source ID: 515
Cadw Legacy ID: CD066
Schedule Class: Defence
Traditional County: Cardiganshire
The monument comprises the remains of a hillfort, which probably dates to the Iron Age period (c. 800 BC - AD 74, the Roman conquest of Wales). Hillforts are usually Iocated on hilltops and surrounded by a single or multiple earthworks of massive proportions. They must have formed symbols of power within the landscape, while their function may have had as much to do with ostentation and display as defence. This monument crowns one of the rounded summits of a ridge at c. 500m above OD. The sides of the ridge drop away very steeply. The ridge itself descends sharply to saddles on either side of the fort. The defences are slight and show as a terrace between 6m and 12m wide with the outer scarp falling at a sharper angle than the hill side. The irregular scoops at the back of the terrace suggest either hut platforms or quarries. There is now no visible ditch. The entrance is on the north-east with a track sloping obliquely up from the saddle. The elevation of the fort is unusual. It is situated within a landscape of open sheep pasture.
The monument is of national importance for its potential to enhance our knowledge of later prehistoric defensive organisation and settlement. The site forms an important element within the wider later prehistoric context and within the surrounding landscape. The site is well preserved and retains considerable archaeological potential. There is a strong probability of the presence of evidence relating to chronology, building techniques and functional detail.
The scheduled area comprises the remains described and areas around them within which related evidence may be expected to survive.
Other nearby scheduled monuments