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Castell Mawr Mound and Bailey Castle

A Scheduled Monument in Llanwinio, Carmarthenshire (Sir Gaerfyrddin)

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Coordinates

Latitude: 51.917 / 51°55'1"N

Longitude: -4.5522 / 4°33'7"W

OS Eastings: 224574

OS Northings: 227355

OS Grid: SN245273

Mapcode National: GBR D4.PFHF

Mapcode Global: VH2NQ.12TR

Entry Name: Castell Mawr Mound and Bailey Castle

Scheduled Date: 6 March 1951

Source: Cadw

Source ID: 2781

Cadw Legacy ID: CM131

Schedule Class: Defence

Category: Motte & Bailey

Period: Medieval

County: Carmarthenshire (Sir Gaerfyrddin)

Community: Llanwinio

Traditional County: Carmarthenshire

Description

The monument comprises the remains of a motte and bailey castle, a military stronghold built during the medieval period. A motte and bailey castle comprises a large conical or pyramidal mound of soil or stone (the motte) surrounded by, or adjacent to, one or more embanked enclosures (the bailey). Both may be surrounded by wet or dry ditches and could be further strengthened with palisades, revetments, and/or a tower on top of the motte. Castle Mawr mound is oval shaped having diameters of approximately 60ft and 100ft. The top of the mound has been dug into. The bailey is on the north-west of the mound and is defended by a single bank.

The monument is of national importance for its potential to enhance our knowledge of medieval defensive organisation. The well-preserved monument forms an important element within the wider medieval context and the structure itself may be expected to contain archaeological information relating to chronology, building techniques and functional detail. The scheduled area comprises the remains described and areas around them within which related evidence may be expected to survive.

Source: Cadw

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