Ancient Monuments

History on the Ground

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Camp south west of Castell Cwm Aran

A Scheduled Monument in Llanddewi Ystradenny (Llanddewi Ystradenni), Powys

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Latitude: 52.3223 / 52°19'20"N

Longitude: -3.2542 / 3°15'15"W

OS Eastings: 314612

OS Northings: 270097

OS Grid: SO146700

Mapcode National: GBR 9V.VZCV

Mapcode Global: VH693.JWZL

Entry Name: Camp SW of Castell Cwm Aran

Scheduled Date:

Source: Cadw

Source ID: 1941

Cadw Legacy ID: RD094

Schedule Class: Defence

Category: Hillfort

Period: Prehistoric

County: Powys

Community: Llanddewi Ystradenny (Llanddewi Ystradenni)

Traditional County: Radnorshire


The monument comprises the remains of a hillfort, which probably dates to the Iron Age period (c. 800 BC - AD 74, the Roman conquest of Wales). Hillforts are usually Iocated on hilltops and surrounded by a single or multiple earthworks of massive proportions. Hillforts must have formed symbols of power within the landscape, while their function may have had as much to do with ostentation and display as defence. This is a kidney shaped enclosure situated in a prominent position on an East-West ridge and measuring 90.0m W-E and 50.0m N-S. The defences comprise a bank and ditch with a simple entrance in the west. On the outside the banks stand to a height of between 2.5-3m from the bottom of the ditch, but are hardly visible from the interior. There are modern breaks in the south and east sides and to the west lies an outlying bank with outer ditch, which appears to be the remains of an outlying annex. There are rectangular foundations within the camp measuring c. 7m, but probably represent a modern structure. The interior of the camp has a bumpy appearance possibly suggesting disturbance.

The monument is of national importance for its potential to enhance our knowledge of later prehistoric defensive organisation and settlement. The site forms an important element within the wider later prehistoric context and within the surrounding landscape. The site is well preserved and retains considerable archaeological potential. There is a strong probability of the presence of evidence relating to chronology, building techniques and functional detail. The scheduled area comprises the remains described and areas around them within which related evidence may be expected to survive.

Source: Cadw

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