Ancient Monuments

History on the Ground

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Cae Sara Lead Mine

A Scheduled Monument in Llangadog, Carmarthenshire (Sir Gaerfyrddin)

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Latitude: 51.9328 / 51°55'58"N

Longitude: -3.8143 / 3°48'51"W

OS Eastings: 275359

OS Northings: 227590

OS Grid: SN753275

Mapcode National: GBR Y3.NJHG

Mapcode Global: VH4HT.TPX5

Entry Name: Cae Sara Lead Mine

Scheduled Date: 4 April 1996

Source: Cadw

Source ID: 235

Cadw Legacy ID: CM283

Schedule Class: Industrial

Category: Lead mine

Period: Post Medieval/Modern

County: Carmarthenshire (Sir Gaerfyrddin)

Community: Llangadog

Traditional County: Carmarthenshire


The monument comprises the remains of an eighteenth century lead mine including its water-management and transport systems, extraction and dressing processes with their power systems. The main feature of the site is the large Cornish beam engine. The complete south-east elevation has several windows, steam pipe and girder openings, and a driver’s door adjacent to the bob wall. The bob wall is almost complete, with a central ‘plug’ archway at ground level facing the shaft. The interior of the engine house is filled with rubble from the collapsed north-east and north-west walls. Spoil tips extend to the south west. The remains of the dressing plant 100m to the south are partially buried and heavily overgrown.

The monument is of national importance for its potential to enhance and illustrate our knowledge and understanding of mining technology from a single period. Lead mines may be part of a larger cluster of industrial monuments and their importance can further enhanced by their group value.

The scheduled area comprises the remains described and areas around them within which related evidence may be expected to survive. It is an an oblong measuring 30m by 10m.

Source: Cadw

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