Ancient Monuments

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Buarth y Caerau Cairn

A Scheduled Monument in Vaynor (Y Faenor), Merthyr Tydfil (Merthyr Tudful)

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Coordinates

Latitude: 51.8109 / 51°48'39"N

Longitude: -3.3455 / 3°20'43"W

OS Eastings: 307339

OS Northings: 213327

OS Grid: SO073133

Mapcode National: GBR YR.X0SQ

Mapcode Global: VH6CK.YRR4

Entry Name: Buarth y Caerau Cairn

Scheduled Date: 5 March 2001

Source: Cadw

Source ID: 822

Cadw Legacy ID: BR286

Schedule Class: Religious, Ritual and Funerary

Category: Round cairn

Period: Prehistoric

County: Merthyr Tydfil (Merthyr Tudful)

Community: Vaynor (Y Faenor)

Traditional County: Brecknockshire

Description

The monument comprises the remains a burial cairn, probably dating to the Bronze Age (c. 2300 - 800 BC). It measures 11m in diameter and 0.8m high and is defined by a ring of large loose stones, surrounding a slightly hollowed, grassy interior, possibly the result of past disturbance.

The monument is of national importance for its potential to enhance our knowledge of prehistoric burial and ritual practices. The monument is an important relic of a prehistoric funerary and ritual landscape and retains significant archaeological potential, with a strong probability of the presence of both intact burial or ritual deposits, together with environmental and structural evidence. Cairns may be part of a larger cluster of monuments and their importance can further enhanced by their group value. The scheduled area comprises the remains described and areas around them within which related evidence may be expected to survive. It is circular with a diameter of 25m, centred on the cairn.

Source: Cadw

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