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Blackcliff Wood Limekiln

A Scheduled Monument in St. Arvans, Monmouthshire (Sir Fynwy)

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Coordinates

Latitude: 51.6804 / 51°40'49"N

Longitude: -2.6769 / 2°40'36"W

OS Eastings: 353296

OS Northings: 198171

OS Grid: ST532981

Mapcode National: GBR JM.57CT

Mapcode Global: VH87M.K165

Entry Name: Blackcliff Wood Limekiln

Scheduled Date: 9 March 2000

Source: Cadw

Source ID: 3977

Cadw Legacy ID: MM291

Schedule Class: Industrial

Category: Limekiln

Period: Post Medieval/Modern

County: Monmouthshire (Sir Fynwy)

Community: St. Arvans

Traditional County: Monmouthshire

Description

The monument consists of the remains of a limekiln, in which lime is made by calcining limestone. The limekiln is related to the standard Wye Valley type dating to the 19th century and has associated charging ramps and quarry. The kiln has two drawing arches facing the front, serving a single bowl and the pot is lined with fire-brick. It is roughly 12m across making it an exceptionally large example. A large stone buttress has been built between the front arches, probably soon after the kiln's original construction. The charging ramp curves up around the north of the kiln and a track exits towards the Chepstow-Tintern road at the south west.

The monument is of national importance for its potential to enhance our knowledge of industrial manufacturing processes. It retains significant archaeological potential, with a strong probability of the presence of associated archaeological features and deposits. The structure itself may be expected to contain archaeological information concerning chronology and building techniques. A lime kiln may be part of a larger cluster of monuments and their importance can further enhanced by their group value. The scheduled area comprises the remains described and areas around them within which related evidence may be expected to survive.

Source: Cadw

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