Ancient Monuments

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Barry Castle

A Scheduled Monument in Barry (Y Barri), Vale of Glamorgan (Bro Morgannwg)

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Coordinates

Latitude: 51.3966 / 51°23'47"N

Longitude: -3.2939 / 3°17'37"W

OS Eastings: 310080

OS Northings: 167195

OS Grid: ST100671

Mapcode National: GBR HS.R85T

Mapcode Global: VH6FQ.V5J5

Entry Name: Barry Castle

Scheduled Date: 27 February 1950

Source: Cadw

Source ID: 628

Cadw Legacy ID: GM135

Schedule Class: Domestic

Category: Manor

Period: Medieval

County: Vale of Glamorgan (Bro Morgannwg)

Community: Barry (Y Barri)

Built-Up Area: Barry

Traditional County: Glamorgan

Description

The monument comprises the remains of medieval manor house. The masonry walls are all that remains of the seat of the de Barry family. The building is really little more than a small fortified manor house, built in the 13th and 14th centuries to replace an earlier earthwork castle of which there is no trace. By the late 13th century the castle had two stone buildings on the east and west sides of a courtyard, but nothing now remains of these above ground. Early in the 14th century the castle was strengthened by the addition of a large hall and gatehouse on its south side, and it is the ruins of these that can be seen today.

The gatehouse passage is arched, with a portcullis groove on the east side. As well as a portcullis it had a drawbridge and double doors. A small room above, whose outer wall and arched window survive, held the portcullis windlass and also possibly a chapel. Behind the gate passage is a rectangular room with a blocked staircase in the south-east corner and an arrowslit in the east wall. The walls of the hall block to the west are much lower, with a low arched doorway and an arrowslit on the north side. The hall itself was on the first floor, and was heated by a fireplace on the north wall. There was a narrow mural stair in the south-east corner on to a wall-walk on the curtain wall, and a door, the bottom part of which is visible, in the east wall leading to the portcullis chamber/chapel. There is evidence that the hall was roofed with Cornish slate, and had green glazed ridge tiles.

The monument is of national importance for its potential to enhance our knowledge of medieval secular architecture. The monument is a well-preserved example of its type and forms an important element within the wider medieval context. The structure itself may be expected to contain archaeological information in regard to chronology, building techniques and functional detail.

The scheduled area comprises the remains described and areas around them within which related evidence may be expected to survive.

Source: Cadw

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