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Ballachuan, chapel and burial ground 255m ESE of Braefoot

A Scheduled Monument in Oban North and Lorn, Argyll and Bute

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Coordinates

Latitude: 56.2782 / 56°16'41"N

Longitude: -5.6164 / 5°36'58"W

OS Eastings: 176225

OS Northings: 715401

OS Grid: NM762154

Mapcode National: GBR DDJ3.S75

Mapcode Global: WH0H2.PGQF

Entry Name: Ballachuan, chapel and burial ground 255m ESE of Braefoot

Scheduled Date: 7 December 1978

Last Amended: 15 March 2013

Source: Historic Environment Scotland

Source ID: SM4143

Schedule Class: Cultural

Category: Ecclesiastical: burial ground, cemetery, graveyard

Location: Kilbrandon and Kilchattan

County: Argyll and Bute

Electoral Ward: Oban North and Lorn

Traditional County: Argyllshire

Description

The monument comprises the remains of a medieval chapel, enclosure and burial ground. The site dates probably to sometime between the 10th-16th centuries, but may have earlier origins. The chapel is visible as the turf-covered foundations of a clay-bonded stone-built rectangular building, measuring 5.7m NE-SW by 3.1m transversely. Its walls are approximately 1m thick and stand up to 0.7m high. To the NE of the chapel is a sub-rectangular enclosure measuring 11m NE-SW by 5.5m transversely, defined by a low turf bank. The site occupies a low rocky ridge that overlooks Ballachuan Loch to the S. The monument is at sea level, within rough grassland on ground sloping to the S toward the loch. The monument was first scheduled in 1978, but the documentation does not meet modern standards: the present rescheduling rectifies this.

The area to be scheduled is rectangular in plan, measuring 30m NNE-SSW by 20m WNW-ESE, to include the remains of the chapel, the enclosure and the burial ground, as shown in red on the accompanying map.

Source: Historic Environment Scotland

Statement of Scheduling

National Importance

The monument is of national importance as the remains of an early ecclesiastical site. Important archaeological remains relating to the origins, use and development of the site in the medieval period, and possibly earlier, are expected to survive, including burials and possibly carved stones. Its significance is enhanced by its capacity to be compared with similar sites in the region. The loss of the monument would significantly diminish our ability to understand and appreciate the origins and nature of secular worship and the development of Christian sites in Seil and more widely across the west of Scotland.

Source: Historic Environment Scotland

Sources

Bibliography

RCAHMS record the site as NM71NE 18. The West of Scotland Archaeology Service SMR reference is WoSASPIN 836.

References:

RCAHMS 1975, The Royal Commission on the Ancient and Historical Monuments of Scotland. Argyll: an inventory of the monuments volume 2: Lorn, Edinburgh, p. 26-29.

Source: Historic Environment Scotland

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