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Dhuallow, cairn 195m east of

A Scheduled Monument in Aird and Loch Ness, Highland

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Coordinates

Latitude: 57.31 / 57°18'36"N

Longitude: -4.2504 / 4°15'1"W

OS Eastings: 264538

OS Northings: 826626

OS Grid: NH645266

Mapcode National: GBR H9WD.FRV

Mapcode Global: WH3G3.PJ5D

Entry Name: Dhuallow, cairn 195m E of

Scheduled Date: 2 May 2007

Source: Historic Environment Scotland

Source ID: SM11468

Schedule Class: Cultural

Category: Prehistoric ritual and funerary: cairn (type uncertain)

Location: Daviot and Dunlichity

County: Highland

Electoral Ward: Aird and Loch Ness

Traditional County: Inverness-shire

Description

Late 18th century, early 19th century. Rectangular-plan walled garden with single storey lean-to outbuilding centred in N face, N wall; 19th century lean-to, 19-bay greenhouse centred in S face, N wall (grouped 6-7-6); single storey, 3-bay plain classical style cottage adjoining SW corner with single storey and attic, 5-bay wing at rear. High coped harl-pointed random rubble sandstone walls enclosing garden (double thickness red brick S face to N wall). Harl-pointed random rubble outbuilding to N; slightly raised grey sandstone margins; grey rubble quoins; long and short rubble surrounds to openings; boarded timber doors. Harl-pointed random rubble sandstone cottage; rendered wing at rear; tooled rubble quoins; tooled long and short surrounds to openings; raised, rendered margins to rear wing.

WALLED GARDEN: various single storey, single bay outbuildings adjoining W face, W wall; stepped coping to N, E and W walls. Large 2-leaf boarded timber doors in round-arched opening centred in S wall (polished long and short surrounds at ground; rubble surrounds to arch). Internal walkways visible (forming quarters). OUTBUILDING: irregularly disposed single openings. Various skylights. Graded grey slate roof; replacement rainwater goods. GREENHOUSE: whitewashed rubble base supporting symmetrical, lean-to structure; regularly fenestrated; raised at centre. INTERIOR: iron brackets; small-paned timber panelled door; tiered, boarded timber benches; columnar supports.

COTTAGE, S (ENTRANCE) ELEVATION: part-glazed timber panelled door centred at ground; single windows in bays to left and right. Heavy channelling to corniced ashlar wall adjoining to right. W (SIDE) ELEVATION: replacement window at ground in bay to left of centre; box dormer aligned above. Wing recessed to left comprising part-glazed timber panelled door in penultimate bay to outer left; boarded timber garage doors in bay to outer left; single windows in remaining bays to right; piended dormer off-set to right of centre.

Predominantly 12-pane timber sash and case windows. Grey slate roof; raised stone skews to original block; replacement rainwater goods. Coped, rendered apex stacks to E and W; single circular cans.

INTERIOR: not seen 1996.

Source: Historic Environment Scotland

Statement of Scheduling

Cultural Significance

The monument's archaeological significance can be expressed as follows:

Intrinsic characteristics: Despite the erosion or robbing out that may have reduced some of the upper, central body of the monument, there is a strong likelihood that the characteristic structural features that define this class of monument, and the internal and external archaeological deposits associated with this particular monument, have not been disturbed. The remaining height of the stones that form the body of the structure, together with the survival of the kerb and subsequent land-use as moorland, would appear to confirm this. Although a modern drain now runs near to the site, the waterlogged nature of the surrounding soils has resulted in the high potential for well-preserved environmental and organic archaeological deposits.

Contextual characteristics: This monument is located in a low-lying boggy area, far from the contemporary settlements and fields that occupy the upper reaches of the valley. This may indicate that it occupied a marginal position in the contemporary prehistoric landscape, at the base of the valley, on the edge of a marsh. If so, possibly its construction, and the acts of internment here, demarcated and defined the boundaries of domestic/living and wild/dead space, the territories of different communities, and/or route-ways through the landscape, followed by game or herded stock. This monument therefore provides a rare opportunity for understanding how prehistoric people in this region perceived the spheres of life, agriculture and death.

National Importance

The monument is of national importance because it is a good example of a later prehistoric burial cairn. It is well preserved and there is a high potential for the survival of associated organic and environmental remains. It has the potential to inform upon the pattern and development of upland exploitation and occupation, and upon the perceived relationship between the spheres of sacred and profane existence within prehistoric communities and societies. Its loss would significantly detract from our ability to understand prehistoric burial and ritual practices in this region and would affect our ability to understand this landscape.

Source: Historic Environment Scotland

Sources

Bibliography

Appears on Ordnance Survey map, 1863; A H Millar THE CASTLES AND MANSIONS OF RENFREWSHIRE AND BUTESHIRE (1889); Revd A S Borrowman THE PARISH OF NORTH BUTE (1962); MacGibbon and Ross THE CASTELLATED AND DOMESTIC ARCHITECTURE (reprinted 1971) Vol III p192.

Source: Historic Environment Scotland

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