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Antonine Wall, B802 to north of Cuilmuir View, Croy

A Scheduled Monument in Kilsyth, North Lanarkshire

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Coordinates

Latitude: 55.9619 / 55°57'42"N

Longitude: -4.0473 / 4°2'50"W

OS Eastings: 272295

OS Northings: 676208

OS Grid: NS722762

Mapcode National: GBR 17.XGPZ

Mapcode Global: WH4PX.SDXX

Entry Name: Antonine Wall, B802 to N of Cuilmuir View, Croy

Scheduled Date: 19 February 1999

Last Amended: 18 November 2019

Source: Historic Environment Scotland

Source ID: SM7639

Schedule Class: Cultural

Location: Cumbernauld

County: North Lanarkshire

Electoral Ward: Kilsyth

Traditional County: Dunbartonshire

Description

The monument is a section of the Antonine Wall which runs westward through an open field from the B802 Kilsyth Road at Croy, across an area of former industrial land and up the slope towards the open ground of Croy Hill. The eastern boundary of the scheduled area is marked by the fence and gate which leads onto the open ground of Croy Hill at the northern end of Cuilmuir View, Croy.  The western boundary is formed by the eastern edge of the B802 Kilsyth Road at Croy.

The Antonine Wall at this location consists of the rampart, the ditch, the berm (area between rampart and ditch), the upcast mound and the Military Way. The survival and visibility of the various elements varies, and fieldwork has helped to demonstrate the features still existing in this area. In the open field the ditch is visible as a slight hollow, and excavation has found that the stone base of the rampart survived in situ. Towards the southern end of this field, excavation has confirmed the course of the Roman road known as the Military Way, and its cobbled roadway was found to lie relatively close to the surface. To the east, archaeological excavations have demonstrated the ditch and rampart base survive as buried remains. As the Wall climbs up the hill, the ditch has been cut into solid rock and is still visible for a length of at least 50m at the eastern end of the scheduled area.

The scheduled area measures a maximum of 382m west-east by a maximum of I00m north-south, to include the Antonine Wall rampart, berm, ditch, upcast mound, Military Way and an area to the north and south where traces of activities associated with the construction and use of the monument may survive, as shown in red on the accompanying map extract. In the open field east of the B802, the scheduled area extends 25m north of the north edge of the Antonine Wall ditch, and down to the southern boundary fence of the field to include the area in which the Military Way is known to be present. The top 50cm of all roads, tracks, hardstandings and paths within the scheduled area is excluded from the scheduling.

 

Source: Historic Environment Scotland

Statement of Scheduling

This monument is of national importance as a major Roman frontier system which has the potential to increase considerably our understanding of Roman frontier policy and military organisation. The Antonine Wall is also the most substantial and important Roman monument in Scotland.

Source: Historic Environment Scotland

Sources

Bibliography
No Bibliography entries for this designation


Canmore

https://canmore.org.uk/site/45872/

Source: Historic Environment Scotland

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