Ancient Monuments

History on the Ground

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Loch That Ebbs & Flows,settlement north west of,Papa Stour

A Scheduled Monument in Shetland West, Shetland Islands

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Latitude: 60.3363 / 60°20'10"N

Longitude: -1.7005 / 1°42'1"W

OS Eastings: 416638

OS Northings: 1161403

OS Grid: HU166614

Mapcode National: GBR Q14F.5M4

Mapcode Global: XHBVG.7GJC

Entry Name: Loch That Ebbs & Flows,settlement NW of,Papa Stour

Scheduled Date: 14 May 1996

Source: Historic Environment Scotland

Source ID: SM6382

Schedule Class: Cultural

Category: Prehistoric domestic and defensive: house

Location: Walls and Sandness

County: Shetland Islands

Electoral Ward: Shetland West

Traditional County: Shetland


The monument comprises the remains of a prehistoric settlement, consisting of the foundations of two houses and other structures, set on a sloping ledge on the NW side of the loch.

The most impressive feature is the foundation of a substantial house. This has an oval plan with a flattened facade at the entrance flanked by projecting walls to form a porch or forecourt. Within the house are clear traces of pillars or subdivisions, six in number, which may have helped support the roof. This foundation is 11m by 12.5m externally. The walls are from 1.5m to 2.5m thick. Small enclosures are attached to the NE and to the SE, where the latter appears to be secondary to the original plan.

The entrance faces SE. 20m to the NNE is a second house foundation, which is of simple oval plan, 12.1m by 11m externally, with an entrance facing S. 15m N of the second house a structure has been formed by a curving wall built against a rock face. There are several small mounds, probably cairns of field-cleared stones, scattered between and around the larger foundations.

The area to be scheduled is irregular, bounded on the E by the shore of the loch, and includes the three constructions described above and an area around and between them in which further evidence for prehistoric settlement is likely to survive. It measures and maximum of 170m N-S by 100m E-W, as marked in red on the accompanying map extract.

Source: Historic Environment Scotland

Statement of Scheduling

The monument is of national importance as a well-preserved pre-Iron Age agricultural settlement, one of several in this part of Papa Stour. As well as its significance as a monument in its own right, it forms part of a group of neighbouring sites which show differences in detail, although all of broadly similar date. This gives the group important potential to provide information about the range and variety of prehistoric domestic architecture and domestic and agricultural economy.

Source: Historic Environment Scotland


No Bibliography entries for this designation

Source: Historic Environment Scotland

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