Ancient Monuments

History on the Ground

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Boreland Mote,motte

A Scheduled Monument in Mid Galloway and Wigtown West, Dumfries and Galloway

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Latitude: 54.893 / 54°53'34"N

Longitude: -4.5663 / 4°33'58"W

OS Eastings: 235515

OS Northings: 558382

OS Grid: NX355583

Mapcode National: GBR HH3S.147

Mapcode Global: WH3TR.T8SS

Entry Name: Boreland Mote,motte

Scheduled Date: 24 October 1924

Last Amended: 21 August 1995

Source: Historic Environment Scotland

Source ID: SM2011

Schedule Class: Cultural

Category: Secular: motte

Location: Kirkcowan

County: Dumfries and Galloway

Electoral Ward: Mid Galloway and Wigtown West

Traditional County: Wigtownshire


The monument consists of a motte, a mound which formed the site of an early timber castle.

This motte stands 6.5m high above a 6m-wide ditch which is 1.8m deep and has a slight external bank. Its oval summit measures 13m N-S by 8m E-W. The motte has been constructed on a low ridge which extends N and S beyond the perimeter ditch. There is no trace of any outer enclosure, or bailey. There is no external bank forming the outer limit of the ditch on the E side, where the marsh beyond probably provided adequate defence.

The scheduled area is bounded on the W by the dry stone wall bordering the road, though it does not include it, and on the E by the outer foot of the flood-bank of the River Bladnoch. It measures a maximum of 170m N-S by 50m, as shown in red on the accompanying map.

Source: Historic Environment Scotland

Statement of Scheduling

This monument is of national importance because it is a clearly defined motte. It makes good use of the natural features of the low ridge and marsh in its defences. Its below ground archaeology, especially in the waterlogged ground to the E, has the potential to expand our knowledge of similar monuments.

Source: Historic Environment Scotland



The monument is recorded in the RCAHMS as NX 35 NE 1.

Source: Historic Environment Scotland

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