Ancient Monuments

History on the Ground

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Home Farm, settlement and souterrains 300m east of

A Scheduled Monument in Highland, Perth and Kinross

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Latitude: 56.6213 / 56°37'16"N

Longitude: -3.8996 / 3°53'58"W

OS Eastings: 283537

OS Northings: 749326

OS Grid: NN835493

Mapcode National: GBR JCR6.SHX

Mapcode Global: WH4LQ.2TBY

Entry Name: Home Farm, settlement and souterrains 300m E of

Scheduled Date: 28 February 2000

Source: Historic Environment Scotland

Source ID: SM7747

Schedule Class: Cultural

Category: Prehistoric domestic and defensive: palisaded settlement

Location: Weem

County: Perth and Kinross

Electoral Ward: Highland

Traditional County: Perthshire


The monument comprises a settlement of prehistoric date, visible as cropmarks on oblique aerial photographs.

The monument lies in arable farmland at around 90m OD. It comprises a series of settlement remains, the most prominent being two palisaded enclosures. The first is sub-circular with a diameter of approximately 40m. There is a tightly-curved souterrain within the enclosure, measuring about 16m in length. A second souterrain, measuring about 12m in length, protrudes from the S of the enclosure.

The second palisaded enclosure partially overlaps the SE corner of the first and has a diameter of about 25m. A gently curving cropmark within the enclosure indicates the presence of a souterrain measuring approximately 12m in length. Immediately to the E of the two palisaded enclosures is a disc-shaped cropmark measuring some 10m in diameter.

The disc represents the remains of a timber roundhouse. About 20m to the E of the disc-shaped cropmark is a fourth souterrain. It is curved, measuring about 16m in length. Palisaded enclosures are characteristic of the first half of the first millennium BC, and a palisade is a timber fence of closely spaced posts set into a narrow continuous trench.

Souterrains are semi-subterranean structures generally regarded as having been used for storage in later prehistory. They were generally associated with above-ground domestic buildings, the remains of which may be expected to survive in the immediate vicinity.

The area proposed for scheduling comprises the remains described and an area around them within which related material may be expected to be found. It is irregular, measuring 140m from its northernmost point to its southernmost point and 150m from its easternmost point to its westernmost point, as marked in red on the accompanying map extract.

Source: Historic Environment Scotland

Statement of Scheduling

The monument is of national importance because of its potential to contribute to our understanding of prehistoric settlement and economy. Its importance is increased by its proximity to other monuments of potentially contemporary date.

Source: Historic Environment Scotland



RCAHMS records the monument as NN 84 NW 46.

Aerial Photographs used:

RCAHMS (1988) B05026 NN84NW45-6.

RCAHMS (1988) B05027 NN84NW45-6.

Source: Historic Environment Scotland

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