Ancient Monuments

History on the Ground

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Thowliestane Hill, settlement 400m SSE of summit

A Scheduled Monument in Kelso and District, Scottish Borders

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Latitude: 55.4633 / 55°27'47"N

Longitude: -2.371 / 2°22'15"W

OS Eastings: 376641

OS Northings: 618886

OS Grid: NT766188

Mapcode National: GBR C5W8.HD

Mapcode Global: WH8YL.KY55

Entry Name: Thowliestane Hill, settlement 400m SSE of summit

Scheduled Date: 30 January 2003

Source: Historic Environment Scotland

Source ID: SM10749

Schedule Class: Cultural

Category: Prehistoric domestic and defensive: scooped settlement

Location: Hownam

County: Scottish Borders

Electoral Ward: Kelso and District

Traditional County: Roxburghshire


The monument comprises the remains of an enclosed settlement, visible as a series of upstanding earthworks, dating probably from the late first millennium BC or early first millennium AD.

The monument lies at around 375m OD on a south-facing spur on the south side of Thowliestane Hill, overlooking the Kale Water to the east. The settlement is enclosed by a stony bank up to 4m wide and standing 0.7m high. This rampart defines a sub-rectangular area about 38m ESE-WNW by 34m transversely. The remains of at least two circular stone-walled buildings, known as hut circles, have been recorded within the enclosed area.

The area to be scheduled comprises the remains described and an area around them within which related evidence may be expected to survive. It is irregular on plan with maximum dimensions of 60m from ESE to WNW by 55m transversely, as shown in red on the accompanying map.

Source: Historic Environment Scotland

Statement of Scheduling

The monument is of national importance for its potential to enhance our knowledge of later prehistoric settlement, architecture, economy, land use and social organisation.

Source: Historic Environment Scotland



RCAHMS records the monument as NT 71 NE 8.


RCAHMS (1956) The Royal Commission on the Ancient and Historical Monuments of Scotland. An inventory of the ancient and historical monuments of Roxburghshire: with the fourteenth report of the Commission, 2v, Edinburgh, 174, No. 313.

Source: Historic Environment Scotland

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