Ancient Monuments

History on the Ground

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Rangecastle Hill, fort

A Scheduled Monument in Annandale North, Dumfries and Galloway

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Latitude: 55.2305 / 55°13'49"N

Longitude: -3.2751 / 3°16'30"W

OS Eastings: 318996

OS Northings: 593660

OS Grid: NY189936

Mapcode National: GBR 57KY.QT

Mapcode Global: WH6X1.NSMM

Entry Name: Rangecastle Hill, fort

Scheduled Date: 28 March 2003

Source: Historic Environment Scotland

Source ID: SM8364

Schedule Class: Cultural

Category: Prehistoric domestic and defensive: fort (includes hill and promontory fort)

Location: Hutton and Corrie

County: Dumfries and Galloway

Electoral Ward: Annandale North

Traditional County: Dumfriesshire


The monument comprises the remains of a fort, dating from the Iron Age.

The fort is situated on a rocky knoll at the W end of a flat-topped ridge, commanding extensive views in all directions. The fort is approximately oval on plan, its interior measuring 67m from NE to SW by 35m transversely. The most prominent of the earthwork defences is an enclosing rampart which, very unusually, encircles the base of the knoll. In addition, there are traces of a much slighter second rampart which would have enclosed the summit.

The rampart at the base of the knoll is largely derived from an internal quarry ditch, but is also accompanied on the NE and SE by a shallow external ditch and short stretches of a low counterscarp bank. The entrance is on the SW where the defences have been further enhanced by an additional rampart. A hollow-way passes through the entrance and ascends to the summit of the knoll. No trace of any internal structures can be seen on the ground surface.

The area to be scheduled comprises the remains described and an area around them within which related evidence may be expected to survive. It is irregular on plan and measures a maximum of 150m from NE to SW by 95m transversely, as shown in red on the accompanying map extract.

Source: Historic Environment Scotland

Statement of Scheduling

The monument is of national importance for its potential to enhance our knowledge of later prehistoric settlement, economy and social organisation. Its importance is further enhanced by its proximity to several other sites of broadly contemporary date.

Source: Historic Environment Scotland



RCAHMS records the monument as NY19SE 9.

Source: Historic Environment Scotland

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