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Thom's Water Cuts, aqueduct (drain), Ardscalpsie to south west of Scalpsie

A Scheduled Monument in Isle of Bute, Argyll and Bute

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Coordinates

Latitude: 55.7821 / 55°46'55"N

Longitude: -5.106 / 5°6'21"W

OS Eastings: 205322

OS Northings: 658675

OS Grid: NS053586

Mapcode National: GBR FFRF.KWW

Mapcode Global: WH1LS.JXSR

Entry Name: Thom's Water Cuts, aqueduct (drain), Ardscalpsie to SW of Scalpsie

Scheduled Date: 5 January 1998

Source: Historic Environment Scotland

Source ID: SM7114

Schedule Class: Cultural

Category: Industrial: inland water

Location: North Bute

County: Argyll and Bute

Electoral Ward: Isle of Bute

Traditional County: Buteshire

Description

The monument comprises a stretch of aqueduct, part of the Scalpsie or Barmore Cut.

The length of this stretch is very approximately 750m and extends from the farm road to Ardscalpsie Farm on the W in a NNE direction to a point where the aqueduct is cut off by the public road (A844). The aqueduct, now largely dry, measures 10m in width overall and the scheduling includes the arched bridge taking the farm road to Ardscalpsie farm across the aqueduct and three further arched bridges along the length of aqueduct.

The area to be scheduled includes the aqueduct and bridges as described above and an area on either side in which traces of activities associated with their construction and use may survive, with a width of 20m centred on the mid-channel line of the aqueduct. The length of this stretch is very approximately 750m and extends from the farm road to Ardscalpsie Farm on the W in a NNE direction to a point where the aqueduct is cut off by the public road (A844). The area to be scheduled is marked in red on the accompanying map extract.

Source: Historic Environment Scotland

Statement of Scheduling

The monument is of national importance because it forms part of a series of aqueducts, or water-cuts, designed by the distinguished Scots engineer, Robert Thom. He died, and was buired, in Rothesay. The aqueducts and dam were constructed between 1811 and 1822 to provide a workable water-supply to Thom's cotton mills in Rothesay, and the ingenius way in which he wrung every last drop of water from off the landscape of central Bute is physically demonstrated by these remains and a lasting testimony to one of Scotland's notable engineers and inventors.

Source: Historic Environment Scotland

Sources

Bibliography

References:

Earls, A 1945, 'Robert Thom and his work on water power for the Rothesay cotton mills', Trans Buteshire Natur Hist Soc, vol.13, 129.

Ferrier, J 1966, 'Robert Thom's water-cuts', Trans Glasgow Archaeol Soc, New, vol.15, 3, 129.

Sharp, R, 'The Cotton Industry in Bute', Trans Buteshire Natur Hist Soc, vol.2, 12.

Source: Historic Environment Scotland

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