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Potholm,palisaded settlement 850m ENE of

A Scheduled Monument in Annandale East and Eskdale, Dumfries and Galloway

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Coordinates

Latitude: 55.1822 / 55°10'56"N

Longitude: -3.0028 / 3°0'10"W

OS Eastings: 336238

OS Northings: 588007

OS Grid: NY362880

Mapcode National: GBR 78GJ.P3

Mapcode Global: WH7YP.V08K

Entry Name: Potholm,palisaded settlement 850m ENE of

Scheduled Date: 26 March 1987

Source: Historic Environment Scotland

Source ID: SM4408

Schedule Class: Cultural

Category: Prehistoric domestic and defensive: palisaded settlement

Location: Ewes

County: Dumfries and Galloway

Electoral Ward: Annandale East and Eskdale

Traditional County: Dumfriesshire

Description

The monument is a palisaded settlement of later Bronze Age/Iron Age. The inner palisade trench encloses an area 52m (N-S) by 37m (E-W). A second trench lies outside the first at a varying distance, at most 8.25m. Neither trench is clearly defined on the E. The trenches average 0.9m wide and are 0.2m deep. Within the enclosed area are the faint remains, showing as circular trenches, of at least two circular timber houses. Only one phase of construction seems to be represented. A collapsed dry-stone wall crosses the monument from NNW to SSE. Overall the enclosure measures 67m (N-S) by 45m (E-W). An area 100m (WSW-ENE) by 150m (NNW-SSW) is proposed for scheduling to include the palisade and the remains of associated activity which will survive around it.

Source: Historic Environment Scotland

Statement of Scheduling

The monument is of national importance because of its good field characteristics; considering the slight structures which the remains reflect, preservation is excellent. It is of particular interest because of the rarity of surviving palisaded enclosures in the SW of Scotland. The monument is of national importance because of its likely contribution to the understanding of later Bronze Age/Iron Age settlement and economy in S Scotland. It is also relevant because of its early place in the development of defended sites in Ewesdale and Eskdale, notably its relationship to the Iron Age defended settlements in the area.

Source: Historic Environment Scotland

Sources

Bibliography

RCAHMS records the monument as NY 38 NE 3.

Source: Historic Environment Scotland

Other nearby scheduled monuments

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