Ancient Monuments

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Hirendean Castle

A Scheduled Monument in Midlothian South, Midlothian

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Coordinates

Latitude: 55.7492 / 55°44'57"N

Longitude: -3.1198 / 3°7'11"W

OS Eastings: 329808

OS Northings: 651217

OS Grid: NT298512

Mapcode National: GBR 61NY.CX

Mapcode Global: WH6TM.1RNF

Entry Name: Hirendean Castle

Scheduled Date: 17 February 1993

Source: Historic Environment Scotland

Source ID: SM5608

Schedule Class: Cultural

Category: Secular: castle

Location: Temple

County: Midlothian

Electoral Ward: Midlothian South

Traditional County: Midlothian

Description

Possibly late 18th century in origin with later additions and alterations.

Round-arched rubble coping to rubble wall enclosing site (mutual with Paxton House estate to N; broken in part to SW). Coursed and droved pink sandstone quadrant walls flanking entrance with regularly-spaced, droved sandstone blocks on squared coping. Square-plan, pyramidal-capped, coursed sandstone piers to outer left and right. Taller, square-plan, coursed sandstone gatepiers flanking entrance with corniced, pyramidal caps.

Source: Historic Environment Scotland

Statement of Scheduling

The monument is of national importance because of its longstanding relationship with the Abbey of Newbattle: the lands of 'Herringden' belonged to the Abbey of Newbattle. Eventually they passed to the Earl of Lothian, Lord Newbattle. The ownership was confirmed in 1620 by a charter to Robert, Earl of Lothian including 'Herendene cum fortalico'. As an example of a reasonably well documented building, it has the potential, through a combination of research and excavation, to increase our understanding of late Medieval defensive architecture, settlement history, domestic activity and pre-improvement land use and tenure during the period of its construction and use.

Source: Historic Environment Scotland

Sources

Bibliography

Armstrong's map, 1771 (not evident). Blackadder's map, 1797 (site marked 'Tweedhill'). Ordnance Survey map, 1857 (entrance not clear; lodge evident).

Source: Historic Environment Scotland

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