Ancient Monuments

History on the Ground

This site is entirely user-supported. See how you can help.

Hirendean Castle

A Scheduled Monument in Midlothian South, Midlothian

We don't have any photos of this monument yet. Why don't you be the first to send us one?

Upload Photo »

Approximate Location Map
Large Map »

If Google Street View is available, the image is from the best available vantage point looking, if possible, towards the location of the monument. Where it is not available, the satellite view is shown instead.


Latitude: 55.7492 / 55°44'57"N

Longitude: -3.1198 / 3°7'11"W

OS Eastings: 329808

OS Northings: 651217

OS Grid: NT298512

Mapcode National: GBR 61NY.CX

Mapcode Global: WH6TM.1RNF

Entry Name: Hirendean Castle

Scheduled Date: 17 February 1993

Source: Historic Environment Scotland

Source ID: SM5608

Schedule Class: Cultural

Category: Secular: castle

Location: Temple

County: Midlothian

Electoral Ward: Midlothian South

Traditional County: Midlothian


Possibly late 18th century in origin with later additions and alterations.

Round-arched rubble coping to rubble wall enclosing site (mutual with Paxton House estate to N; broken in part to SW). Coursed and droved pink sandstone quadrant walls flanking entrance with regularly-spaced, droved sandstone blocks on squared coping. Square-plan, pyramidal-capped, coursed sandstone piers to outer left and right. Taller, square-plan, coursed sandstone gatepiers flanking entrance with corniced, pyramidal caps.

Source: Historic Environment Scotland

Statement of Scheduling

The monument is of national importance because of its longstanding relationship with the Abbey of Newbattle: the lands of 'Herringden' belonged to the Abbey of Newbattle. Eventually they passed to the Earl of Lothian, Lord Newbattle. The ownership was confirmed in 1620 by a charter to Robert, Earl of Lothian including 'Herendene cum fortalico'. As an example of a reasonably well documented building, it has the potential, through a combination of research and excavation, to increase our understanding of late Medieval defensive architecture, settlement history, domestic activity and pre-improvement land use and tenure during the period of its construction and use.

Source: Historic Environment Scotland



Armstrong's map, 1771 (not evident). Blackadder's map, 1797 (site marked 'Tweedhill'). Ordnance Survey map, 1857 (entrance not clear; lodge evident).

Source: Historic Environment Scotland

Other nearby scheduled monuments is an independent online resource and is not associated with any government department. All government data published here is used under licence. Please do not contact for any queries related to any individual ancient or schedued monument, planning permission related to scheduled monuments or the scheduling process itself. is a Good Stuff website.