Ancient Monuments

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Craigiegower,farmstead and clearance cairns

A Scheduled Monument in Mid Galloway and Wigtown West, Dumfries and Galloway

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Latitude: 54.9637 / 54°57'49"N

Longitude: -4.8352 / 4°50'6"W

OS Eastings: 218592

OS Northings: 566908

OS Grid: NX185669

Mapcode National: GBR 41.YGXN

Mapcode Global: WH2S3.PHRM

Entry Name: Craigiegower,farmstead and clearance cairns

Scheduled Date: 15 November 1990

Source: Historic Environment Scotland

Source ID: SM4821

Schedule Class: Cultural

Category: Prehistoric domestic and defensive: field clearance cairn, cairnfield; Secular: farmstead

Location: New Luce

County: Dumfries and Galloway

Electoral Ward: Mid Galloway and Wigtown West

Traditional County: Wigtownshire


The monument comprises a pre-improvement farmstead, and field clearance cairns of the late Neolithic or Bronze Age. The farmstead consists of at least three rectangular buildings, a kiln, and associated field system. The main building measures 10m E-W by 5m and is attached to two small enclosures and other quarried scoops.

All of the walls appear as turf-covered rubble banks up to 1.5m thick and 0.3m high. About 45m to the NE is a second rectangular building, measuring 7m E-W by 4.5m, attached to a small scoopedenclosure to the NE and a field boundary bank to the S.

Both buildings are inside a large irregular field (marked by a peckedline on the 1:10,000 map) containing rig-and-furrow cultivation and short linear clearance heaps. About 18m S of the SW tip of this field is a kiln, and on top of Corbie Crags, to the SSE, is a third rectangular building measuring 9m NE-SW by 6m. To the NW of the large field is a group of at least eleven field clearance cairns each measuring up to 4m in diameter and 0.4m high.

The area to be scheduled includes the large field, the kiln, the rectangular buildings, the field clearance cairns, and an area around them within which traces of activity associated with their use may befound. It measures a maximum of 250m NNW-SSE by a maximum of 230m,as marked in red on the attached map.

Source: Historic Environment Scotland

Statement of Scheduling

The monument is of national importance as a pre-improvement farmstead, and field clearance cairns of the late Neolithic or Bronze Age, which have the potential to enhance considerably our understanding of prehistoric and medieval and later settlement and agriculture in the area. It is of particular importance because of the survival of a number of other examples of both types of monument in the vicinity; the study of these groups has the potential to increase greatly our knowledge of the development and organisation of the prehistoric and medieval and later landscapes.

Source: Historic Environment Scotland



RCAHMS records the monument as NX 16 NE 42.

Source: Historic Environment Scotland

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