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Westloch,settlement 500m south east of

A Scheduled Monument in East Berwickshire, Scottish Borders

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Coordinates

Latitude: 55.9057 / 55°54'20"N

Longitude: -2.1642 / 2°9'51"W

OS Eastings: 389829

OS Northings: 668076

OS Grid: NT898680

Mapcode National: GBR F0B4.7T

Mapcode Global: WH9XP.QTLH

Entry Name: Westloch,settlement 500m SE of

Scheduled Date: 18 November 1988

Source: Historic Environment Scotland

Source ID: SM4597

Schedule Class: Cultural

Category: Prehistoric domestic and defensive: settlement

Location: Coldingham

County: Scottish Borders

Electoral Ward: East Berwickshire

Traditional County: Berwickshire

Description

The monument is a settlement of the Iron Age which occupies a large, rocky knoll. The NW approach is near a vertical cliff with steep slopes to the NE and SW but a gentle SE approach. The monument is situated on the highest point of the knoll and comprises five circular house sites within an oval enclosure and an annexe. The houses are ranged along the W and NW side of the enclosure.

The wall of the settlement is c 1m high and encloses an area c. 40m x c. 30m. To the E the gentle slope has been partly enclosed within an annexe which has been bounded by two widely-spaced walls surviving to c. 0.5m high. The monument has been slightly damaged by a quarry on the N side. The area to be proposed for scheduling includes the settlement and annexe and an area round in which traces of activities associated with the occupation may survive measuring c. 85m (NW-SE) x c. 60m (NE-SW).

Source: Historic Environment Scotland

Statement of Scheduling

The monument is of national importance because it is a particularly well-preserved example of an Iron Age settlement. It has the potential to contribute greatly to the understanding of Iron Age settlement in this area. The importance of the monument is increased by the presence of several sites of similar date in the immediate vicinity. Taken together these sites offer an important opportunity to understand the settlement, economy and the development of the landscape of the Iron Age and Dark Ages in this area.

Source: Historic Environment Scotland

Sources

Bibliography

RCAHMS records the monument as NT 86 NE 10.

Source: Historic Environment Scotland

Other nearby scheduled monuments

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