Ancient Monuments

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Oxton,Roman camps

A Scheduled Monument in Leaderdale and Melrose, Scottish Borders

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Coordinates

Latitude: 55.7829 / 55°46'58"N

Longitude: -2.8203 / 2°49'13"W

OS Eastings: 348649

OS Northings: 654703

OS Grid: NT486547

Mapcode National: GBR 81RK.6T

Mapcode Global: WH7VP.NX64

Entry Name: Oxton,Roman camps

Scheduled Date: 14 May 1986

Source: Historic Environment Scotland

Source ID: SM4378

Schedule Class: Cultural

Category: Roman: camp

Location: Channelkirk

County: Scottish Borders

Electoral Ward: Leaderdale and Melrose

Traditional County: Berwickshire

Description

The monument comprises the ploughed remains of two camps revealed by aerial reconnaissance. The larger camp measures 215 x 200m and the smaller, situated in the northern corner of the larger camp, measures 130 x 114m. The entrances of the larger camp are protected by traverses (attached lengths of rampart and ditch); the style of defences of the entrances of the smaller camp are not known. The camps lie within their main axis NE-SW and are placed athwart a ridge running NW-SE.

They form a complex in which important stratigraphic relationships should survive. In addition, these two camps form part of a larger group of Roman monuments here.

Source: Historic Environment Scotland

Statement of Scheduling

The two camps are part of a larger concentration, including a fortlet and Oxton, and a large camp at Channelkirk. They are of national importance to studies of main Roman routes into Scotland and studies of Roman military campaigns in Scotland.

Source: Historic Environment Scotland

Sources

Bibliography

RCAHMS record the site as NT45SE 27.

Source: Historic Environment Scotland

Other nearby scheduled monuments

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