Ancient Monuments

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Menzion Farmhouse, two enclosed cremation cemeteries 400m NNW of

A Scheduled Monument in Tweeddale West, Scottish Borders

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Coordinates

Latitude: 55.5007 / 55°30'2"N

Longitude: -3.443 / 3°26'34"W

OS Eastings: 308942

OS Northings: 623932

OS Grid: NT089239

Mapcode National: GBR 44DT.DZ

Mapcode Global: WH6VT.20QG

Entry Name: Menzion Farmhouse, two enclosed cremation cemeteries 400m NNW of

Scheduled Date: 22 November 1968

Last Amended: 16 October 1998

Source: Historic Environment Scotland

Source ID: SM2748

Schedule Class: Cultural

Category: Prehistoric ritual and funerary: enclosed cremation cemetery

Location: Tweedsmuir

County: Scottish Borders

Electoral Ward: Tweeddale West

Traditional County: Peeblesshire

Description

The monument comprises two enclosed cremation cemeteries; funerary monuments constructed in the mid Bronze Age (c.1600-1300BC). These are already scheduled, but the original scheduling maps are inadequate, both in area and accuracy of location, and the current proposal rectifies this.

The cemeteries lie on the SE-facing slope of Ewelaw Rig at approximately 270m OD. The easternmost cemetery is circular and measures approximately 10m in diameter. The remains of the enclosing stony bank are slight but can still be clearly traced. The western cemetery is also circular, but larger, measuring approximately 16.5m in diameter, with a more substantial enclosing bank surviving.

Excavations at a similar enclosed cemetery (at Weird Law) showed that the enclosing wall was constructed to define an area which was used as a cremation site. Funeral pyres were constructed and lit within the enclosure, and once these had burnt out, the cremated human remains were extracted and buried in pits within the enclosure.

The area to be scheduled is in two parts - a circle 30m in diameter centred on the eastern enclosure, and a circle 35m in diameter centred on the western enclosure - as shown in red on the accompanying map extract.

Source: Historic Environment Scotland

Sources

Bibliography
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Source: Historic Environment Scotland

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