Ancient Monuments

History on the Ground

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Kilbucho Mains, settlement 750m WSW of

A Scheduled Monument in Tweeddale West, Scottish Borders

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Latitude: 55.6026 / 55°36'9"N

Longitude: -3.4571 / 3°27'25"W

OS Eastings: 308293

OS Northings: 635295

OS Grid: NT082352

Mapcode National: GBR 439N.BG

Mapcode Global: WH5T2.VFYT

Entry Name: Kilbucho Mains, settlement 750m WSW of

Scheduled Date: 20 October 1971

Last Amended: 19 October 2000

Source: Historic Environment Scotland

Source ID: SM3032

Schedule Class: Cultural

Category: Prehistoric domestic and defensive: settlement

Location: Broughton, Glenholm and Kilbucho

County: Scottish Borders

Electoral Ward: Tweeddale West

Traditional County: Peeblesshire


The monument comprises the remains of a later prehistoric settlement enclosure. It was originally scheduled in 1971, but an inadequate area was designated to fully cover the archaeological remains. The current rescheduling rectifies this.

The settlement lies at around 320m OD, on a ridge overlooking the valley of the Kilbucho Burn to the SE. The settlement is defined by a bank and ditch, which enclose a subcircular area approximately 50m across. The bank stands only 0.3m higher than the interior of the enclosure, but as much as 2.3m above the base of the ditch. There are two opposing entrances situated in the E and W sides. The remains of one ring ditch house, approximately 14m in diameter, lie in the SE corner of the settlement enclosure, and possible traces of other buildings have been recorded in the rest of the interior.

The area to be scheduled is subcircular, measuring a maximum of 90m NE-SW by 80m, to include the settlement and an area around it where remains relating to its construction and use may be expected to survive, as shown in red on the attached map. The above-ground elements of the field boundary running through the W side of the proposed scheduled area are specifically excluded from the scheduling.

Source: Historic Environment Scotland

Statement of Scheduling

The monument is of national importance as a well-preserved settlement dating from the later prehistoric period. It has the potential, through excavation and analysis to enhance our understanding of domestic life, agriculture and the economy in the later prehistoric period.

Source: Historic Environment Scotland



RCAHMS record the site NT03NE 24.

Source: Historic Environment Scotland

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