Ancient Monuments

History on the Ground

This site is entirely user-supported. See how you can help.

Hanging Stanes,gallows bases,Braid Road

A Scheduled Monument in Morningside, City of Edinburgh

Approximate Location Map
Large Map »
Street or Overhead View
Contributor Photos »

If Google Street View is available, the image is from the best available vantage point looking, if possible, towards the location of the monument. Where it is not available, the satellite view is shown instead.

Coordinates

Latitude: 55.9227 / 55°55'21"N

Longitude: -3.2095 / 3°12'34"W

OS Eastings: 324516

OS Northings: 670614

OS Grid: NT245706

Mapcode National: GBR 8KS.DC

Mapcode Global: WH6SS.NDWG

Entry Name: Hanging Stanes,gallows bases,Braid Road

Scheduled Date: 24 January 1994

Source: Historic Environment Scotland

Source ID: SM5884

Schedule Class: Cultural

Category: Secular: gallows, gibbet

Location: Edinburgh

County: City of Edinburgh

Electoral Ward: Morningside

Traditional County: Midlothian

Description

The monument consists of the stone bases into which were set gallows used in 1815 for the last public executions, for highway robbery, in Scotland.

The stone bases, each 1m square, are set beside each other in the N- bound carriageway of Braid Road, outside 66 Braid Road. Until recently, one of the bases was covered by road material. Each base has a central socket, into which the wooden upright of the gallows was set. These sockets are now each filled with two stone paving setts, and each base is surrounded by an ornamental border of a single line of red granite setts.

The distance from the W kerb of the road to the W edge of the stones themselves is 2.85m, and the stones are set 0.6m apart, aligned N-S. These stones supported the gallows erected for the specific purpose of the hanging, on 25 January 1815, of Thomas Kelly and Henry O'Neill, the last persons to be publicly executed in Scotland for highway robbery.

The area to be scheduled consists of a rectangular area 3.3m E-W by 4.9m N-S, to include the bases and their surrounding borders and a small area around them, as shown in red on the accompanying plan. Rights of vehicular passage over the monument are not to be affected by this scheduling.

Source: Historic Environment Scotland

Statement of Scheduling

The monument is of national importance for its historical associations and social significance. Although placename evidence for gallows is widespread, surviving elements of actual apparatus, in situ, are rare. This monument is of importance as indicating the perceived value of capital punishment in the early nineteenth century, for the decision to carry out the sentence on the site of the crime indicates a deterrent as much as, or more than, a punitive intention.

Source: Historic Environment Scotland

Sources

Bibliography

Reference:

Smith, C. J. (1979) Historic South Edinburgh, Vol. 2.

Source: Historic Environment Scotland

Other nearby scheduled monuments

AncientMonuments.uk is an independent online resource and is not associated with any government department. All government data published here is used under licence. Please do not contact AncientMonuments.uk for any queries related to any individual ancient or schedued monument, planning permission related to scheduled monuments or the scheduling process itself.

AncientMonuments.uk is a Good Stuff website.