Ancient Monuments

History on the Ground

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Castle Knowe, palisaded enclosure

A Scheduled Monument in Midlothian West, Midlothian

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Latitude: 55.8635 / 55°51'48"N

Longitude: -3.2318 / 3°13'54"W

OS Eastings: 323000

OS Northings: 664050

OS Grid: NT230640

Mapcode National: GBR 50WM.3Y

Mapcode Global: WH6SZ.BW8C

Entry Name: Castle Knowe, palisaded enclosure

Scheduled Date: 27 September 1996

Source: Historic Environment Scotland

Source ID: SM6447

Schedule Class: Cultural

Category: Prehistoric domestic and defensive: palisaded enclosure

Location: Glencorse

County: Midlothian

Electoral Ward: Midlothian West

Traditional County: Midlothian


The monument comprises the remains of a palisaded enclosure of prehistoric date. The monument lies on a prominent knoll overlooking Castlelaw hillfort at around 330m OD. It comprises an oval, double-palisaded enclosure measuring approximately 70m NE-SW by 30m internally.

The twin palisades, some 6m apart, are visible along the N side, the S side being naturally defined by sharply sloping ground. The entrance may have been at the NE where the palisade is replaced for a short stretch by a bank and ditch. Part of the outer palisade is obscured by slit trenches dug during modern military operations. Within the enclosure are the remains of at least three roundhouses.

The area to be scheduled encompasses the visible remains and an area within and around them in which traces of associated activity may be expected to survive. It is oval with a maximum WSW-ESE measurement of 130m by 105m transversely, as shown in red on the accompanying map.

Source: Historic Environment Scotland

Statement of Scheduling

The monument is of national importance because of its potential to contribute to our understanding of prehistoric defensive settlement. Its importance is enhanced by its close proximity to the major hillfort at Castlelaw.

Source: Historic Environment Scotland



RCAHMS records the monument as NT 26 SW 21.

Source: Historic Environment Scotland

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