Ancient Monuments

History on the Ground

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Bowl Barrow northern edge of Westmere Strip, 586m south-west of Westmere Farm

A Scheduled Monument in Little Cressingham, Norfolk

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Latitude: 52.5321 / 52°31'55"N

Longitude: 0.7745 / 0°46'28"E

OS Eastings: 588287.36

OS Northings: 296307.07

OS Grid: TL882963

Mapcode National: GBR RBX.BLW

Mapcode Global: VHKBT.CMT8

Entry Name: Bowl Barrow northern edge of Westmere Strip, 586m south-west of Westmere Farm

Scheduled Date: 7 April 2016

Source: Historic England

Source ID: 1430742

County: Norfolk

Civil Parish: Little Cressingham

Traditional County: Norfolk

Lieutenancy Area (Ceremonial County): Norfolk


Bowl barrow, most likely of Bronze Age date, northern edge of Westmere Strip.

Source: Historic England



This bowl barrow survives as an earthen mound covered in rough grass in a fallow margin between an arable field to the north and open woodland (Westmere Strip) to the south. It measures approximately 30m wide and 0.4m high. There is evidence of an impact crater on the northern edge of the barrow measuring c1m diameter. This will undoubtedly have occurred during military training exercises.


The area assessed includes a 2m buffer zone around the full circumference of the barrow.

Source: Historic England

Reasons for Scheduling

The bowl barrow on the northern edge of Westmere Strip, most likely of Bronze Age origin, is scheduled for the following principal reasons:

* Survival: as a preserved earthwork monument representing the diversity of burial practices, beliefs and social organisation amongst early prehistoric communities.

* Potential: for the stratified archaeological deposits which retain considerable potential to provide invaluable evidence not only for the individuals buried within but also evidence for the ideology, variation in burial practices and social organisation of the communities and social networks that were using the landscape in this way.

* Group value: for its close proximity to other related contemporary designated monuments such as the bowl barrow, on Lowster Hill (NHLE 1003931) and the two bowl barrows 250m north-west of Prince of Wales Covert (NHLE 1430411). The barrow also holds a strong spatial relationship with scheduled monuments of later periods, including three moated manorial sites; north and south of Tottington Church (NHLE 1003948 and 1003949 respectively), the site of Sturston Hall (NHLE1002890) and the site of Holy Cross Church (NHLE1003947) forming a multi-period landscape unencumbered by modern development. It therefore offers a very high level of archaeological potential, in the form of buried deposits, to enable understanding of the continuity and change in the use of the landscape up to the present day.

Source: Historic England


Books and journals
Lawson, AJ, Martin, EA, Priddy, D, Taylor, A, East Anglian Archaeology Report No. 12 The Barrows of East Anglia, (1981)
Davison, A , Cushion, B, 'An Archaeological Survey of the Stanford Training Area 2000-2' in Norfolk Archaeology, , Vol. 44, (2005), 602-616
Historic Environment Record no 37065

Source: Historic England

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