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Moated site and section of hollow way 200m south west of St Michael's Church, Stewkley

A Scheduled Monument in Stewkley, Buckinghamshire

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Coordinates

Latitude: 51.9257 / 51°55'32"N

Longitude: -0.7645 / 0°45'52"W

OS Eastings: 485054.625344

OS Northings: 225968.280874

OS Grid: SP850259

Mapcode National: GBR D1M.CHJ

Mapcode Global: VHDTL.PVPL

Entry Name: Moated site and section of hollow way 200m south west of St Michael's Church, Stewkley

Scheduled Date: 26 June 2013

Source: Historic England

Source ID: 1405589

County: Buckinghamshire

Civil Parish: Stewkley

Built-Up Area: Stewkley

Traditional County: Buckinghamshire

Lieutenancy Area (Ceremonial County): Buckinghamshire

Church of England Parish: Stewkley

Church of England Diocese: Oxford

Summary

A medieval moat, including its island and ditches, and a section of hollow way which runs beside it immediately to the north west.

Source: Historic England

Details

The monument includes a medieval moated site set in the slope of Nuneham Hill Field overlooking a stream, a minor tributary of the River Thames, which lies at the bottom of the hill. A hollow-way runs beside the moat on its north-west side, a continuation of the side road, now a cul-de-sac, which turns south-west off the main road through the village. A footpath now follows the route of the hollow way, but slightly to one side, hugging the field boundary. This footpath crosses the stream and carries on up the other side of the valley, connecting Stewkley and St Michael's Church (listed Grade I) with Littlecote 2.5km to the south west, where the deserted medieval village of Lidcote is situated (a Scheduled Monument, National Heritage List for England 1018008). A section of the hollow-way most closely related to the moat is included within the scheduling to preserve the association between the two.

The moat measures about 38m north-west to south-east and 38m north-east to south-west, from outer bank to outer bank. On the south-west side there is an outer bank 8.7m wide, and 2m high, measured upwards from the downslope. The north-east arm of the moat is the widest, at about 10m. The other arms are about 8m wide; all contain water, with the exception of the east corner. The moat is 3m deep on the east side and 2m deep on the west. Access to the island is over an arched stone bridge (which is not included in the scheduling) centrally placed across the north-east arm. Stone blocks, some decoratively carved, line a path which descends the steep bank to the bridge. The moat has been used as an element in a later ornamental garden landscape.

The hollow-way to the north-west is between 0.75m and 1m deep and about 5m across. At a point about half-way along the moat's north-west side the hollow-way has been filled in to form a causeway from the outer bank of the moat to a modern track which runs along the far side of the hollow-way.

Extent of Scheduling

The scheduling is intended to provide protection for the moat, its island and ditches, and for the section of hollow way which runs beside it immediately to the north west.

The scheduling boundary encloses an area of about 50m north east-south west by 53m north west-south east, bounded on the south east by the fence separating the moat from the properties in Tythe Gardens, which runs along the top of the outer bank of the south east arm. The north east boundary follows the line of iron railings that run along the top of the bank here, crossing over the hollow way to the north west before turning south west to follow its outer edge down to the western corner of the scheduled area. The south western boundary follows the fence line which lies at the bottom of the outer bank, and separates the pasture field to the south west from the moat.

The bridge is excluded from the scheduling, as are all railings, gates, fences and fence posts and building materials in the hollow way, although the ground beneath them is included.

Source: Historic England

Reasons for Scheduling

The moated site and hollow way at Stewkley are scheduled for the following principal reasons:
* Survival: the hollow way, island and moat survive well with the moat retaining water on three sides;
* Potential: the largely undisturbed island and the likelihood of water-logged deposits indicate the site has potential to retain an especially good range of artefactual and environmental evidence;
* Group Value: the close relationship between the moated site and the medieval hollow way provides a context to the moat in its medieval landscape.

Source: Historic England

Sources

Other
Title: Inclosure working Map IR/110 aT
Source Date: 1811
Author:
Publisher:
Surveyor:

Source: Historic England

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