Ancient Monuments

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Circular enclosure 290m north of Great Parford

A Scheduled Monument in Moretonhampstead, Devon

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Latitude: 50.6845 / 50°41'4"N

Longitude: -3.8009 / 3°48'3"W

OS Eastings: 272875.6328

OS Northings: 88750.8574

OS Grid: SX728887

Mapcode National: GBR QF.B7B4

Mapcode Global: FRA 27X8.K1J

Entry Name: Circular enclosure 290m north of Great Parford

Scheduled Date: 8 October 2007

Source: Historic England

Source ID: 1021397

English Heritage Legacy ID: 36026

County: Devon

Civil Parish: Moretonhampstead

Traditional County: Devon

Lieutenancy Area (Ceremonial County): Devon

Church of England Parish: Moretonhampstead St Andrew

Church of England Diocese: Exeter


The monument includes a prehistoric circular enclosure situated on a steep
south west-facing slope overlooking the valley of an unnamed tributary of the
River Teign. The enclosure survives as a 15.2m diameter internal area
surrounded by a substantial bank which measures up 7.6m wide and 1.5m high.
The enclosure is terraced into the side of the hill and may represent the
site of a platform for a circular house.

The site of the monument is shown on the attached map extract.
It includes a 2 metre boundary around the archaeological features,
considered to be essential for the monument's support and preservation.

Source: Historic England

Reasons for Scheduling

Dartmoor is the largest expanse of open moorland in southern Britain and,
because of exceptional conditions of preservation, it is also one of the most
complete examples of an upland relict landscape in the whole country. The
great wealth and diversity of archaeological remains provide direct evidence
for human exploitation of the Moor from the early prehistoric period onwards.
The well-preserved and often visible relationship between settlement sites,
major land boundaries, trackways, ceremonial and funerary monuments as well as
later industrial remains, gives significant insights into successive changes
in the pattern of land use through time. Stone hut circles and hut settlements
were the dwelling places of prehistoric farmers on Dartmoor. They mostly date
from the Bronze Age, with the earliest examples on the Moor in this building
tradition dating to about 1700 BC. The stone-based round houses consist of low
walls or banks enclosing a circular floor area; remains of the turf or thatch
roof are not preserved. The huts may occur singly or in small or large groups
and may lie in the open or be enclosed by a bank of earth and stone. Although
they are common on the Moor, their longevity and their relationship with other
monument types provide important information on the diversity of social
organisation and farming practices amongst prehistoric communities. They are
particularly representative of their period and a substantial proportion of
surviving examples are considered worthy of protection.

The circular enclosure 290m north of Great Parford survives well and will
contain archaeological and environmental information relating to this area
during the prehistoric period. This monument is considered to be a round
house platform and as such represents a rare example in an area where stone
buildings are more common.

Source: Historic England


Devon County Sites and Monuments Register, SX78NW70, (1992)

Source: Historic England

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