Ancient Monuments

History on the Ground

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Bowl barrow immediately south of Long Meadow Farm

A Scheduled Monument in Peakirk, Peterborough

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Latitude: 52.6417 / 52°38'30"N

Longitude: -0.2585 / 0°15'30"W

OS Eastings: 517931.326974

OS Northings: 306306.90242

OS Grid: TF179063

Mapcode National: GBR HYX.7H7

Mapcode Global: WHHN5.0V5P

Entry Name: Bowl barrow immediately south of Long Meadow Farm

Scheduled Date: 26 November 2004

Source: Historic England

Source ID: 1021315

English Heritage Legacy ID: 33398

County: Peterborough

Civil Parish: Peakirk

Traditional County: Northamptonshire

Lieutenancy Area (Ceremonial County): Cambridgeshire

Church of England Parish: Peakirk St Pega

Church of England Diocese: Peterborough


The monument includes a bowl barrow situated immediately south of Long Meadow
Farm. The barrow has been covered and protected by later deposits of marine
clay and peat from which the mound now emerges. It is visible as a gravel
rise, which stands 0.5m high and has an elongated shape; it measures
approximately 30m north-south and 21m east-west. The deeper lying remains of
the barrow are preserved underneath the Fen deposits and include an
encircling ditch, from which earth was dug in the construction of the mound.
It has become infilled over the years but will survive as a buried feature.
By comparison with examples excavated elsewhere in the area, it is thought to
measure 5m wide. The barrow is situated on river gravels along the
prehistoric Fen edge, a location, that with its mixture of wetter and drier
grounds and easy access along the waterways, attracted prehistoric activity.
It is part of a diffuse barrow distribution, elements of which are subject to
separate schedulings.

The site of the monument is shown on the attached map extract.
It includes a 2 metre boundary around the archaeological features,
considered to be essential for the monument's support and preservation.

Source: Historic England

Reasons for Scheduling

Bowl barrows, the most numerous form of round barrow, are funerary monuments
dating from the Late Neolithic period to the Late Bronze Age, with most
examples belonging to the period 2400-1500 BC. They were constructed as
earthen or rubble mounds, sometimes ditched, which covered single or multiple
burials. They occur either in isolation or grouped as cemeteries and often
acted as a focus for burials in later periods. Often superficially similar,
although differing widely in size, they exhibit regional variations in form
and a diversity of burial practices. There are over 10,000 surviving bowl
barrows recorded nationally (many more have already been destroyed), occurring
across most of lowland Britain. Often occupying prominent locations, they are
a major historic element in the modern landscape and their considerable
variation of form and longevity as a monument type provide important
information on the diversity of beliefs and social organisations amongst early
prehistoric communities. They are particularly representative of their period
and a substantial proportion of surviving examples are considered worthy of

The bowl barrow immediately south of Long Meadow Farm is well preserved,
having been protected by overlying deposits of peat and clay. It will contain
a wealth of information relating to the barrow's construction, the manner and
duration of its use, as well as ritual and domestic activity on the site.
Buried soils underneath the mound will retain valuable archaeological
evidence concerning landuse in the area prior to the construction of the
barrow, while organic deposits preserved in the ditch will shed light on
environmental conditions (eg climate, flora and fauna) since the construction
of the barrow. The monument has additional importance as part of a diffuse
barrow landscape.

Source: Historic England

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