Ancient Monuments

History on the Ground

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Round barrow on Stony Rigg, 460m south of Greenlands Farm

A Scheduled Monument in Goathland, North Yorkshire

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Coordinates

Latitude: 54.4195 / 54°25'10"N

Longitude: -0.7076 / 0°42'27"W

OS Eastings: 483956.570403

OS Northings: 503440.886179

OS Grid: NZ839034

Mapcode National: GBR RKHB.LH

Mapcode Global: WHGB9.359S

Entry Name: Round barrow on Stony Rigg, 460m south of Greenlands Farm

Scheduled Date: 15 April 2004

Source: Historic England

Source ID: 1021300

English Heritage Legacy ID: 35909

County: North Yorkshire

Civil Parish: Goathland

Traditional County: Yorkshire

Lieutenancy Area (Ceremonial County): North Yorkshire

Church of England Parish: Goathland St Mary

Church of England Diocese: York

Details

The monument includes a round barrow which occupies an area of level
ground in a prominent position on the North York Moors. It is situated on
the northern edge of a line of whinstone quarries along the Cleveland
Dyke.

The barrow has a well-defined sub-circular mound constructed from earth
and stone, which measures up to 18m in diameter and stands up to 1.5m
high. The surface of the mound is irregular because of burrowing by
rabbits. To the south of the barrow, the northern edge of the whinstone
quarries curves to the south to go around the mound.

The barrow lies in an area where there are many other prehistoric
monuments, particularly burials, which are often located in prominent and
highly visible locations in the landscape.

MAP EXTRACT
The site of the monument is shown on the attached map extract.
It includes a 2 metre boundary around the archaeological features,
considered to be essential for the monument's support and preservation.

Source: Historic England

Reasons for Scheduling

Round barrows are funerary monuments dating from the Late Neolithic period to
the Late Bronze Age, with most examples belonging to the period 2400-1500 BC.
They were constructed as earthen mounds, sometimes ditched, which covered
single or multiple burials. They occur either in isolation or grouped as
cemeteries and often acted as a focus of burials in later periods. Often
superficially similar, although differing widely in size, they exhibit
regional variations in form and a diversity of burial practices. There are
over 10,000 surviving examples recorded nationally (many more have already
been destroyed), occurring across most of Britain, including the Wessex area
where it is often possible to classify them more closely, for example as bowl
or bell barrows. Often occupying prominent locations, they are a major
historic element in the modern landscape and their considerable variation in
form and longevity as a monument type provide important information on the
diversity of beliefs and social organisations amongst early prehistoric
communities. They are particularly representative of their period and a
substantial proportion of surviving examples are considered worthy of
protection.

The round barrow on Stony Rigg, 460m south of Greenlands Farm, is in a
good state of preservation, despite limited disturbance by rabbit
burrowing. Unlike most of the barrows in this area, it does not appear to
have been excavated in the past and it will therefore have undisturbed
archaeological deposits in the centre relating to the primary burials,
which are less likely to survive in the part-excavated barrows. Evidence
for earlier land use and the contemporary environment will also survive
beneath the barrow mound. The barrows lie in an area where there are many
other prehistoric burial monuments. The association with similar monuments
provides insight into the distribution of ritual and funerary activity
across the landscape during the prehistoric period.

Source: Historic England

Sources

Other
12223,

Source: Historic England

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