Ancient Monuments

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Round barrow 460m south of Oliver's Mount Farm

A Scheduled Monument in Weaponness, North Yorkshire

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Coordinates

Latitude: 54.2532 / 54°15'11"N

Longitude: -0.4053 / 0°24'19"W

OS Eastings: 503990.190572

OS Northings: 485340.5565

OS Grid: TA039853

Mapcode National: GBR TMM8.13

Mapcode Global: WHGC6.RC58

Entry Name: Round barrow 460m south of Oliver's Mount Farm

Scheduled Date: 17 November 1971

Last Amended: 24 February 2004

Source: Historic England

Source ID: 1021233

English Heritage Legacy ID: 35449

County: North Yorkshire

Electoral Ward/Division: Weaponness

Built-Up Area: Scarborough

Traditional County: Yorkshire

Lieutenancy Area (Ceremonial County): North Yorkshire

Church of England Parish: Scarborough St Martin

Church of England Diocese: York

Details

The monument includes a round barrow which is situated on a gentle south
east facing slope at the eastern extremity of the Tabular Hills.

The barrow has an earthen mound which stands up to 0.4m high. Over the
years the mound has been spread by ploughing so that now it measures 40m
in diameter.

The barrow lies at the edge of an area which has a concentration of
prehistoric monuments, including further burials, dating from the
Neolithic to the Iron Age.

MAP EXTRACT
The site of the monument is shown on the attached map extract.
It includes a 2 metre boundary around the archaeological features,
considered to be essential for the monument's support and preservation.

Source: Historic England

Reasons for Scheduling

Round barrows are funerary monuments dating from the Late Neolithic period to
the Late Bronze Age, with most examples belonging to the period 2400-1500 BC.
They were constructed as earthen mounds, sometimes ditched, which covered
single or multiple burials. They occur either in isolation or grouped as
cemeteries and often acted as a focus of burials in later periods. Often
superficially similar, although differing widely in size, they exhibit
regional variations in form and a diversity of burial practices. There are
over 10,000 surviving examples recorded nationally (many more have already
been destroyed), occurring across most of Britain, including the Wessex area
where it is often possible to classify them more closely, for example as bowl
or bell barrows. Often occupying prominent locations, they are a major
historic element in the modern landscape and their considerable variation in
form and longevity as a monument type provide important information on the
diversity of beliefs and social organisations amongst early prehistoric
communities. They are particularly representative of their period and a
substantial proportion of surviving examples are considered worthy of
protection.

Despite disturbance by modern ploughing, the round barrow 460m south of
Oliver's Mount Farm has surviving archaeological deposits which will
preserve evidence for the date and form of the barrow and the burials
placed within it. Evidence for earlier land use will also survive,
beneath the barrow mound. The barrow is situated close to a concentration
of prehistoric monuments which includes other burial monuments as well as
enclosures and the remains of prehistoric land division. The association
with similar monuments offers important scope for the study of the
distribution of prehistoric activity across the landscape.

Source: Historic England

Sources

Books and journals
Spratt, D A , 'Prehistoric and Roman Archaeology in North East Yorkshire' in Prehistoric and Roman Archaeology of North East Yorkshire, , Vol. 87, (1993)
Other
Craster, OE, AM7, (1970)

Source: Historic England

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