Ancient Monuments

History on the Ground

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Round barrow 570m north of Winterfield House

A Scheduled Monument in Appleton East and West, North Yorkshire

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Latitude: 54.3507 / 54°21'2"N

Longitude: -1.6467 / 1°38'48"W

OS Eastings: 423058.617022

OS Northings: 495072.40507

OS Grid: SE230950

Mapcode National: GBR JLY4.85

Mapcode Global: WHC6M.PX12

Entry Name: Round barrow 570m north of Winterfield House

Scheduled Date: 22 December 2003

Source: Historic England

Source ID: 1021213

English Heritage Legacy ID: 34738

County: North Yorkshire

Civil Parish: Appleton East and West

Traditional County: Yorkshire

Lieutenancy Area (Ceremonial County): North Yorkshire

Church of England Parish: Catterick St Anne

Church of England Diocese: Leeds


The monument includes earthwork and associated buried remains of a
prehistoric burial mound sited on high ground 570m north of Winterfield
House. A second larger round barrow, the subject of a separate scheduling,
lies 530m to the WSW.

The round barrow is 20m in diameter and 2.5m high. Around its lower slopes
there are quantities of stones and boulders, at least some of which is
thought to be clearance from the surrounding arable field, although some
are considered to be part of the original make up of the mound. There are
no records of any archaeological excavations of the barrow and no evidence
of any unrecorded disturbance. The barrow is prominent, although not quite
as prominent as the barrow further to the west.

Although there are no obvious indications of an encircling ditch,
excavation of other examples of round barrows in the region have shown
that even where no encircling depression is discernible on the modern
ground surface, ditches immediately around the outside of the mound
frequently survive as infilled features, containing additional
archaeological deposits. A margin to allow for such an infilled ditch up
to 3m wide is thus also included within the monument.

The site of the monument is shown on the attached map extract.
It includes a 5 metre boundary around the archaeological features,
considered to be essential for the monument's support and preservation.

Source: Historic England

Reasons for Scheduling

Bowl barrows, the most numerous form of round barrow, are funerary monuments
dating from the Late Neolithic period to the Late Bronze Age, with most
examples belonging to the period 2400-1500 BC. They were constructed as
earthen or rubble mounds, sometimes ditched, which covered single or multiple
burials. They occur either in isolation or grouped as cemeteries and often
acted as a focus for burials in later periods. Often superficially similar,
although differing widely in size, they exhibit regional variations in form
and a diversity of burial practices. There are over 10,000 surviving bowl
barrows recorded nationally (many more have already been destroyed), occurring
across most of lowland Britain. Often occupying prominent locations, they are
a major historic element in the modern landscape and their considerable
variation of form and longevity as a monument type provide important
information on the diversity of beliefs and social organisations amongst early
prehistoric communities. They are particularly representative of their period
and a substantial proportion of surviving examples are considered worthy of

The majority of round barrows in the region were dug into by 19th century
antiquarians in search of burials and artifacts, leaving behind a central
depression as evidence of their work. The round barrow 570m north of
Winterfield House appears to have escaped undisturbed and is remarkably

Source: Historic England

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