Ancient Monuments

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Stephen's Castle, a bowl barrow 720m east of Eastworth Farm

A Scheduled Monument in Verwood, Dorset

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Coordinates

Latitude: 50.8868 / 50°53'12"N

Longitude: -1.8719 / 1°52'18"W

OS Eastings: 409107.307779

OS Northings: 109707.472979

OS Grid: SU091097

Mapcode National: GBR 424.7L9

Mapcode Global: FRA 66ZR.LKL

Entry Name: Stephen's Castle, a bowl barrow 720m east of Eastworth Farm

Scheduled Date: 23 November 1950

Last Amended: 11 August 2003

Source: Historic England

Source ID: 1021148

English Heritage Legacy ID: 35388

County: Dorset

Civil Parish: Verwood

Built-Up Area: Verwood

Traditional County: Dorset

Lieutenancy Area (Ceremonial County): Dorset

Church of England Parish: Verwood St Michael and All Angels

Church of England Diocese: Salisbury

Details

The monument includes a bowl barrow, known as Stephen's Castle, at the
southern end of a low spur, 720m east of Eastworth Farm. It is one of a
dispersed group of similar monuments situated on Boveridge Heath, which
are the subject of separate schedulings. Excavation in 1828 revealed a
cremation under an inverted urn. The barrow has a mound, 15m in diameter
and 1m high, surrounded by a quarry ditch, from which material was derived
for its construction. This is no longer visible on the surface but will
survive as a buried feature approximately 2m wide, and is included in the
scheduling.

MAP EXTRACT
The site of the monument is shown on the attached map extract.
It includes a 2 metre boundary around the archaeological features,
considered to be essential for the monument's support and preservation.

Source: Historic England

Reasons for Scheduling

Bowl barrows, the most numerous form of round barrow, are funerary monuments
dating from the Late Neolithic period to the Late Bronze Age, with most
examples belonging to the period 2400-1500 BC. They were constructed as
earthen or rubble mounds, sometimes ditched, which covered single or multiple
burials. They occur either in isolation or grouped as cemeteries and often
acted as a focus for burials in later periods. Often superficially similar,
although differing widely in size, they exhibit regional variations in form
and a diversity of burial practices. There are over 10,000 surviving bowl
barrows recorded nationally (many more have already been destroyed), occurring
across most of lowland Britain. Often occupying prominent locations, they are
a major historic element in the modern landscape and their considerable
variation of form and longevity as a monument type provide important
information on the diversity of beliefs and social organisations amongst early
prehistoric communities. They are particularly representative of their period
and a substantial proportion of surviving examples are considered worthy of
protection.

The bowl barrow, 720m east of Eastworth Farm, known as Stephen's Castle,
is a well-preserved example of its class which will contain archaeological
deposits providing information relating to Bronze Age burial practices,
society and the landscape in which it was constructed.

Source: Historic England

Sources

Books and journals
Warne, C, Celtic Tumuli of Dorset, (1886)

Source: Historic England

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