Ancient Monuments

History on the Ground

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Round barrow 430m north west of Crossdale Head

A Scheduled Monument in Lockton, North Yorkshire

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Latitude: 54.2873 / 54°17'14"N

Longitude: -0.715 / 0°42'53"W

OS Eastings: 483750.249822

OS Northings: 488723.68

OS Grid: SE837887

Mapcode National: GBR RLGV.0W

Mapcode Global: WHF9Q.ZHQN

Entry Name: Round barrow 430m north west of Crossdale Head

Scheduled Date: 26 June 1967

Last Amended: 11 August 2003

Source: Historic England

Source ID: 1021098

English Heritage Legacy ID: 35452

County: North Yorkshire

Civil Parish: Lockton

Traditional County: Yorkshire

Lieutenancy Area (Ceremonial County): North Yorkshire

Church of England Parish: Lockton St Giles

Church of England Diocese: York


The monument includes a round barrow which is situated on the southern
slopes of the Tabular Hills. It lies on a gentle west-facing slope to the
east of Newton Dale.

The barrow has an earth and stone mound which stands up to 0.6m high and
measures 27m in diameter. Originally the mound was surrounded by a ditch
up to 2m wide. However, the ditch is no longer visible as an earthwork,
since it has silted up and become filled in over the years by soil
slipping from the mound, but it can be seen as a soil mark on aerial

The site of the monument is shown on the attached map extract.
It includes a 2 metre boundary around the archaeological features,
considered to be essential for the monument's support and preservation.

Source: Historic England

Reasons for Scheduling

Round barrows are funerary monuments dating from the Late Neolithic period to
the Late Bronze Age, with most examples belonging to the period 2400-1500 BC.
They were constructed as earthen mounds, sometimes ditched, which covered
single or multiple burials. They occur either in isolation or grouped as
cemeteries and often acted as a focus of burials in later periods. Often
superficially similar, although differing widely in size, they exhibit
regional variations in form and a diversity of burial practices. There are
over 10,000 surviving examples recorded nationally (many more have already
been destroyed), occurring across most of Britain, including the Wessex area
where it is often possible to classify them more closely, for example as bowl
or bell barrows. Often occupying prominent locations, they are a major
historic element in the modern landscape and their considerable variation in
form and longevity as a monument type provide important information on the
diversity of beliefs and social organisations amongst early prehistoric
communities. They are particularly representative of their period and a
substantial proportion of surviving examples are considered worthy of

Despite limited disturbance, the round barrow 430m north west of Crossdale
Head has survived well. Significant information about the original form of
the barrow and the burials placed within it will be preserved. Evidence
for earlier land use and the contemporary environment will also survive
beneath the barrow mound and within the buried ditch. The barrow is
situated in an area where there are other burial monuments as well as the
remains of prehistoric land division. The association with similar
monuments offers important scope for the study of the distribution of
prehistoric activity across the landscape.

Source: Historic England


Books and journals
Spratt, D A , 'Prehistoric and Roman Archaeology in North East Yorkshire' in Prehistoric and Roman Archaeology of North East Yorkshire, , Vol. 87, (1993)
Pacitto, A L, TP 318/03, (1976)

Source: Historic England

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