Ancient Monuments

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Two stone hut circles and a length of associated walling 620m south east of Cuckoo Rock, forming an outlying part of a prehistoric settlement

A Scheduled Monument in Sheepstor, Devon

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Latitude: 50.499 / 50°29'56"N

Longitude: -3.9902 / 3°59'24"W

OS Eastings: 258945.4615

OS Northings: 68465.0742

OS Grid: SX589684

Mapcode National: GBR Q4.4SZX

Mapcode Global: FRA 27JR.38W

Entry Name: Two stone hut circles and a length of associated walling 620m south east of Cuckoo Rock, forming an outlying part of a prehistoric settlement

Scheduled Date: 8 September 2003

Source: Historic England

Source ID: 1021059

English Heritage Legacy ID: 34472

County: Devon

Civil Parish: Sheepstor

Traditional County: Devon

Lieutenancy Area (Ceremonial County): Devon


The monument includes two stone hut circles and a length of associated
walling situated on a gentle west facing slope of Eylesbarrow overlooking
the valley of the Narrator Brook. The stone hut circles form an outlying
part of an enclosed prehistoric settlement and are connected to each other
by a 1.6m wide bank with large protruding stones standing up to 0.55m

The northern stone hut circle survives as a 1.2m wide circular bank with
an average height of 0.4m surrounding an internal area measuring 8m in
diameter. A south facing gap denoted on the east by a 1m high orthostat
represents an original doorway. The southern stone hut circle has an
internal diameter of 2.5m denoted by a 1.9m wide rubble bank standing up
to 0.5m high. A SSW facing gap from which a 2.8m long wall leads
represents a doorway with porch.

The site of the monument is shown on the attached map extract.
It includes a 2 metre boundary around the archaeological features,
considered to be essential for the monument's support and preservation.

Source: Historic England

Reasons for Scheduling

Dartmoor is the largest expanse of open moorland in southern Britain and,
because of exceptional conditions of preservation, it is also one of the most
complete examples of an upland relict landscape in the whole country. The
great wealth and diversity of archaeological remains provide direct evidence
for human exploitation of the Moor from the early prehistoric period onwards.
The well-preserved and often visible relationship between settlement sites,
major land boundaries, trackways, ceremonial and funerary monuments as well as
later industrial remains, gives significant insights into successive changes
in the pattern of land use through time. Stone hut circles and hut settlements
were the dwelling places of prehistoric farmers on Dartmoor. They mostly date
from the Bronze Age, with the earliest examples on the Moor in this building
tradition dating to about 1700 BC. The stone-based round houses consist of low
walls or banks enclosing a circular floor area; remains of the turf or thatch
roof are not preserved. The huts may occur singly or in small or large groups
and may lie in the open or be enclosed by a bank of earth and stone. Although
they are common on the Moor, their longevity and their relationship with other
monument types provide important information on the diversity of social
organisation and farming practices amongst prehistoric communities. They are
particularly representative of their period and a substantial proportion of
surviving examples are considered worthy of protection.

The two stone hut circles and length of associated walling 620m south east
of Cuckoo Rock survive comparatively well and together with other nearby
settlement sites and ceremonial monuments provide an important insight
into the nature of Bronze Age occupation on the west side of the moor.

Source: Historic England


Books and journals
Butler, J, Dartmoor Atlas of Antiquities, (1994), 69

Source: Historic England

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