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Prehistoric enclosed settlement 950m north east of Ditsworthy Warren House

A Scheduled Monument in Sheepstor, Devon

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Coordinates

Latitude: 50.4839 / 50°29'2"N

Longitude: -3.9858 / 3°59'8"W

OS Eastings: 259216.63372

OS Northings: 66786.125669

OS Grid: SX592667

Mapcode National: GBR Q4.5VB0

Mapcode Global: FRA 27JS.C01

Entry Name: Prehistoric enclosed settlement 950m north east of Ditsworthy Warren House

Scheduled Date: 8 September 2003

Source: Historic England

Source ID: 1021058

English Heritage Legacy ID: 34470

County: Devon

Civil Parish: Sheepstor

Traditional County: Devon

Lieutenancy Area (Ceremonial County): Devon

Details

The monument includes a prehistoric enclosed settlement situated on a
south facing slope on the lower slopes of Higher Hartor Tor overlooking
the River Plym. The settlement lies close to the stone alignments at
Drizzlecombe and survives as an oval enclosure containing four stone hut
circles. The interior of the enclosure measures 60m long by 45m wide and
it is denoted by a 2.4m wide earthwork bank standing up to 0.7m high. The
stone hut circles within the settlement all survive as circular or oval
banks surrounding an internal area which varies between 7.1 sq m and
28.3 sq m, with the average being 17 sq m. The height of the surrounding
rubble walls vary between 0.3m and 0.7m. One of the huts has a visible
doorway and another has an annex.

MAP EXTRACT
The site of the monument is shown on the attached map extract.
It includes a 2 metre boundary around the archaeological features,
considered to be essential for the monument's support and preservation.

Source: Historic England

Reasons for Scheduling

Dartmoor is the largest expanse of open moorland in southern Britain and,
because of exceptional conditions of preservation, it is also one of the most
complete examples of an upland relict landscape in the whole country. The
great wealth and diversity of archaeological remains provide direct evidence
for human exploitation of the Moor from the early prehistoric period onwards.
The well-preserved and often visible relationship between settlement sites,
major land boundaries, trackways, ceremonial and funerary monuments as well as
later industrial remains, gives significant insights into successive changes
in the pattern of land use through time. Stone hut circles and hut settlements
were the dwelling places of prehistoric farmers on Dartmoor. They mostly date
from the Bronze Age, with the earliest examples on the Moor in this building
tradition dating to about 1700 BC. The stone-based round houses consist of low
walls or banks enclosing a circular floor area; remains of the turf or thatch
roof are not preserved. The huts may occur singly or in small or large groups
and may lie in the open or be enclosed by a bank of earth and stone. Although
they are common on the Moor, their longevity and their relationship with other
monument types provide important information on the diversity of social
organisation and farming practices amongst prehistoric communities. They are
particularly representative of their period and a substantial proportion of
surviving examples are considered worthy of protection.

The prehistoric enclosed settlement 950m north east of Ditsworthy Warren
House survives comparatively well and together with other nearby
settlement sites and ceremonial monuments provide an important insight
into the nature of Bronze Age occupation on the west side of the moor.

Source: Historic England

Sources

Books and journals
Butler, J, Dartmoor Atlas of Antiquities, (1994), 127

Source: Historic England

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