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Robin Hood's Stone at the junction of Archerfield Road and Booker Avenue

A Scheduled Monument in Cressington, Liverpool

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Coordinates

Latitude: 53.3709 / 53°22'15"N

Longitude: -2.9036 / 2°54'12"W

OS Eastings: 339977.796549

OS Northings: 386383.294642

OS Grid: SJ399863

Mapcode National: GBR 8Y5G.5B

Mapcode Global: WH87G.CJLN

Entry Name: Robin Hood's Stone at the junction of Archerfield Road and Booker Avenue

Scheduled Date: 20 May 1926

Last Amended: 8 September 2003

Source: Historic England

Source ID: 1020984

English Heritage Legacy ID: 33891

County: Liverpool

Electoral Ward/Division: Cressington

Built-Up Area: Liverpool

Traditional County: Lancashire

Lieutenancy Area (Ceremonial County): Merseyside

Church of England Parish: Allerton All Hallows

Church of England Diocese: Liverpool

Details

The monument includes the standing monolith known as Robin Hood's Stone.
The stone was formerly erected during the Bronze Age and was originally
part of the complex of stone monuments known as the Calderstones, which
lie approximately 150m to the north east. These have been protected as a
separate monument (NHLE 1008531). It is known that this stone was moved from a
site in a field called The Stone Hey, 60m to the north east of its present
location, in 1928.

An early photograph shows that the stone had been decorated with several
cup marks, similar to those recorded on the Calderstones. These marks are
now at the base of the stone, buried in the soil beneath the concrete
plinth. The standing stone is approximately 2.4m high, 0.9m wide and 0.4m
thick. It is set in an oval concrete plinth, 0.2m above the surrounding
pavement, which is 3.2m long and 2.6m wide. It is surrounded by iron
railings and braced by two iron bars, one on each side of the stone.

At the base of the stone is a bronze plaque which announces the recent
history of the monument: `THIS MONOLITH/ KNOWN AS ROBIN HOODS STONE
STOOD/IN A FIELD NAMED THE STONE HEY/AT A SPOT 198 FEET DISTANT AND IN A
/DIRECTION BEARING 7 DEGREES EAST OF TRUE/NORTH FROM ITS PRESENT POSITION
TO/ WHICH IT WAS MOVED IN AUGUST 1928/ THE ARROW INDICATES THE DIRECTION
OF THE ORIGINAL SITE'. Beneath this, in smaller capitals `THIS SIDE OF THE
STONE FORMERLY FACED SOUTH'.

The railings and the bracing struts are excluded from the scheduling
although the plinth and the ground beneath is included.

MAP EXTRACT
The site of the monument is shown on the attached map extract.

Source: Historic England

Reasons for Scheduling

Standing stones are prehistoric ritual or ceremonial monuments with dates
ranging from the Late Neolithic to the end of the Bronze Age for the few
excavated examples. They comprise single or paired upright orthostatic slabs,
ranging from under lm to over 6m high where still erect. They are often
conspicuously sited and close to other contemporary monument classes. They can
be accompanied by various features: many occur in or on the edge of round
barrows, and where excavated, associated subsurface features have included
stone cists, stone settings, and various pits and hollows filled in with earth
containing human bone, cremations, charcoal, flints, pots and pot sherds.
Similar deposits have been found in excavated sockets for standing stones,
which range considerably in depth. Several standing stones also bear cup and
ring marks. Standing stones may have functioned as markers for routeways,
territories, graves, or meeting points, but their accompanying features show
they also bore a ritual function and that they form one of several ritual
monument classes of their period that often contain a deposit of cremation and
domestic debris as an integral component. No national survey of standing
stones has been undertaken, and estimates range from 50 to 250 extant
examples, widely distributed throughout England but with concentrations in
Cornwall, the North Yorkshire Moors, Cumbria, Derbyshire and the Cotswolds.
Standing stones are important as nationally rare monuments, with a high
longevity and demonstrating the diversity of ritual practices in the Late
Neolithic and Bronze Age. Consequently all undisturbed standing stones and
those which represent the main range of types and locations would normally be
considered to be of national importance.


The standing stone known as Robin Hood's Stone is a good example of a
stone known to have been connected to a landscape which also included the
Calderstones. Although it has been moved approximately 60m from its
original location it has a strong association with the past for the residents
the streets which now surround it. The presence of cup marks on the base
of the stone make for additional interest although such decorations are at
present imperfectly understood.

Source: Historic England

Sources

Books and journals
The Calderstones, (1988), 15

Source: Historic England

Other nearby scheduled monuments

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