Ancient Monuments

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Round cairn 550m north east of Joaney How Cairn

A Scheduled Monument in Luccombe, Somerset

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Coordinates

Latitude: 51.1768 / 51°10'36"N

Longitude: -3.5569 / 3°33'24"W

OS Eastings: 291264.80287

OS Northings: 143104.728002

OS Grid: SS912431

Mapcode National: GBR LF.60QP

Mapcode Global: VH5K3.9PG7

Entry Name: Round cairn 550m north east of Joaney How Cairn

Scheduled Date: 23 April 2003

Source: Historic England

Source ID: 1020927

English Heritage Legacy ID: 35588

County: Somerset

Civil Parish: Luccombe

Traditional County: Somerset

Lieutenancy Area (Ceremonial County): Somerset

Details

The monument includes a prehistoric round cairn situated in open moorland
on a north and east facing slope of Luccombe Hill. The cairn forms an
outlying member of a round cairn cemetery, the centre of which is located
approximately 600m upslope to the south west situated on the eastern
summit of Dunkery Hill and forms the subject of a separate scheduling.
The cairn survives as a near-circular earth and stone mound with a
diameter of 15m and a height of 0.6m. It has a modern stone heap placed in
the centre.

MAP EXTRACT
The site of the monument is shown on the attached map extract.
It includes a 2 metre boundary around the archaeological features,
considered to be essential for the monument's support and preservation.

Source: Historic England

Reasons for Scheduling

Exmoor is the most easterly of the three main upland areas in the south
western peninsula of England. In contrast to the other two areas, Dartmoor
and Bodmin Moor, there has been no history of antiquarian research and
little excavation of Exmoor monuments. However, survey work has confirmed
a comparable richness of archaeological remains, with evidence of human
exploitation and occupation from the Mesolithic period to the present day.
Many of the field monuments surviving on Exmoor date from the later
prehistoric period, examples including stone settings, stone alignments,
standing stones, and burial mounds (barrows or cairns).
Round cairns are funerary monuments dating from the Late Neolithic period
to the Late Bronze Age, with most examples belonging to the period
2400-1500BC. They were constructed as rubble mounds which covered single
or multiple burials. They occur either in isolation or grouped as
cemeteries, and often acted as a focus for burials in later periods. Over
370 barrows or cairns, varying in diameter from 2m to 35m, have been
recorded on Exmoor, with many of these found on or close to the summits of
the three east-west ridges which cross the moor - the southern escarpment,
the central ridge, and the northern ridge. Individual cairns and groups
may also be found on lower lying ground and hillslopes. Those which occupy
prominent locations form a major visual element in the modern landscape.
Their longevity as a monument type can provide important information on
the diversity of beliefs and social organisation amongst early prehistoric
communities. They are particularly representative of their period and a
substantial proportion of surviving examples are considered worthy of
protection.


Despite some slight disturbance to the surface of the mound, the round
cairn located 550m north east of Joaney How Cairn survives comparatively
well and will contain archaeological deposits and environmental evidence
relating both to the monument and the wider landscape in which it was
constructed. Its importance is enhanced by its association with a major
round cairn cemetery (a group of cairns sited in close proximity to one
another) of which it forms a satellite cairn, and which includes the
prominent Joaney How and Robin How cairns.

Source: Historic England

Sources

Books and journals
Grinsell, L V, 'Proceedings of Somerset Archaelogical & Natural History Society' in Somerset Barrows, , Vol. 113, (1969), 43
Other
SS 94 SW 18, National Monuments Record,

Source: Historic England

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