Ancient Monuments

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Dovecote 60m north of Place Manor Cottage

A Scheduled Monument in Streatley, West Berkshire

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Coordinates

Latitude: 51.5239 / 51°31'26"N

Longitude: -1.1494 / 1°8'57"W

OS Eastings: 459106.80398

OS Northings: 180897.325849

OS Grid: SU591808

Mapcode National: GBR 91Z.J6P

Mapcode Global: VHCYW.1Y6N

Entry Name: Dovecote 60m north of Place Manor Cottage

Scheduled Date: 15 July 2003

Source: Historic England

Source ID: 1020920

English Heritage Legacy ID: 30850

County: West Berkshire

Civil Parish: Streatley

Built-Up Area: Streatley

Traditional County: Berkshire

Lieutenancy Area (Ceremonial County): Berkshire

Details

The monument includes a 16th or 17th century dovecote situated some distance
from the associated manor house known as Place Manor, Streatley.
The dovecote has a circular plan with a diameter of approximately 7m and is
built of flint rubble with some sarsen stone and brick decoration. This
includes a single band of brick just under halfway up the door which it frames
before encircling the whole structure. The interior contains 350 nest boxes
built of red brick and set into the walls. The interior furniture includes a
platform and potence although the associated ladder has gone. Although only
surviving in places, the walls retain some evidence of whitewash having been
applied throughout at some point in the buildings history.
The roof is conical and tile covered with a dormer window and a lantern
cupola which has a louvred wooden construction.
The dovecote is a Listed Building Grade II.

MAP EXTRACT
The site of the monument is shown on the attached map extract.
It includes a 2 metre boundary around the archaeological features,
considered to be essential for the monument's support and preservation.

Source: Historic England

Reasons for Scheduling

Dovecotes are specialised structures designed for the breeding and keeping of
doves as a source of food and as a symbol of high social status. Most
surviving examples were built in the period between the 14th and the 17th
centuries, although both earlier and later examples are documented. They were
generally freestanding structures, square or circular in plan and normally of
brick or stone, with nesting boxes built into the internal wall. They were
frequently sited at manor houses or monasteries. Whilst a relatively common
monument class (1500 examples are estimated to survive out of an original
population of c.25,000), most will be considered to be of national interest,
although the majority will be listed rather than scheduled. They are also
generally regarded as an important component of local distinctiveness and
character.

The dovecote 60m north of Place Manor Cottage survives well and includes
some of the main components of its internal furniture which increases its
archaeological importance. It is a good example of a large, late medieval
manorial dovecote. In addition, it has been identified as a nationally
important example of its class, form and date in a national survey of
dovecotes. If it is indeed early 16th century in origin then its importance
would be further enhanced.

Source: Historic England

Sources

Other
MPP Dovecote Assessment, OAU, Place Manor, Streatley, (1995)
SMR WB 2620, SMRO, Place Manor, Streatley, (2002)

Source: Historic England

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