Ancient Monuments

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Offa's Dyke: section 90m south of Brynorgan

A Scheduled Monument in Llanfair Waterdine, Shropshire

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Coordinates

Latitude: 52.3794 / 52°22'45"N

Longitude: -3.0767 / 3°4'36"W

OS Eastings: 326803.631762

OS Northings: 276250.908048

OS Grid: SO268762

Mapcode National: GBR B3.R75L

Mapcode Global: VH76G.MG99

Entry Name: Offa's Dyke: section 90m south of Brynorgan

Scheduled Date: 23 February 1933

Last Amended: 15 April 2004

Source: Historic England

Source ID: 1020905

English Heritage Legacy ID: 32606

County: Shropshire

Civil Parish: Llanfair Waterdine

Traditional County: Shropshire

Lieutenancy Area (Ceremonial County): Shropshire

Church of England Parish: Llanfair Waterdine

Church of England Diocese: Hereford

Details

The monument includes the earthwork and buried remains of a section of the
linear boundary known as Offa's Dyke 90m south of Brynorgan. Offa's Dyke
generally consists of a bank, up to 3.5m high, with an intermittent parallel
ditch and quarry pits in places. It was strengthened in some areas by
additional earthworks, namely a berm between the bank and ditch and a
counterscarp bank on the outer lip of the ditch.
In this section the Dyke runs for 95m from the southern gateway of Brynorgan
to a point 140m south of the farmhouse. The northern end is visible as a
shallow ditch with a slight bank on its east side. There is little trace
of the counterscarp in this section, although it will survive as a buried
feature. The overall width of the Dyke here is about 18m. Further sections
of Offa's Dyke 40m to the north and 230m to the south are the subject of
separate schedulings.
All fence posts are excluded from the scheduling, although the ground
beneath them is included.

MAP EXTRACT
The site of the monument is shown on the attached map extract.

Source: Historic England

Reasons for Scheduling

Offa's Dyke is the longest linear earthwork in Britain, approximately 220km,
running from Treuddyn, near Mold, to Sedbury on the Severn estuary. It was
constructed towards the end of the eighth century AD by the Mercian king Offa,
and is believed to have formed a long-lived territorial, and possibly
defensive, boundary between the Saxon kingdom of Mercia and the Welsh
kingdoms.
The Dyke is not continuous and consists of a number of discrete lengths
separated by gaps of up to 23km. It is clear from the nature of certain
sections that differences in the scale and character of adjoining portions
were the result of separate gangs being employed on different lengths. Where
possible, natural topographic features such as slopes or rivers were utilised,
and the form of Offa's Dyke is therefore clearly related to the topography.
Along most of its length it consists of a bank with a ditch to the west.
Excavation has indicated that at least some lengths of the bank had a vertical
outer face of either laid stonework or turf revetment. The ditch generally
seems to have been used to provide most of the bank material, although there
is also evidence in some locations of shallow quarries. In places, a berm
divides the bank and ditch, and a counterscarp bank may be present on the lip
of the ditch.
Offa's Dyke now survives in various states of preservation in the form of
earthworks and, where sections have been levelled and infilled, as buried
features. Although some sections of the frontier system no longer survive
visibly, sufficient evidence does exist for its position to be accurately
identified throughout most of its length. In view of its contribution towards
the study of early medieval territorial patterns, all sections of Offa's Dyke
exhibiting significant archaeological remains are considered worthy of
protection.

The section of Offa's Dyke 90m south of Brynorgan survives well despite some
erosion of the remains. It will retain information about its construction and
use over time. In addition, environmental evidence such as pollen and seeds
within the fills of the ditch and on the buried ground surface below the bank
will provide evidence for the landscape in which the monument was constructed.

Source: Historic England

Sources

Books and journals
Fox, C, Offa's Dyke, (1955), 137
Kay, K, Richards, , Offa's Dyke Path North, (1995), 18

Source: Historic England

Other nearby scheduled monuments

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