Ancient Monuments

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Round cairn 280m south east of High Scamridge Farm

A Scheduled Monument in Ebberston and Yedingham, North Yorkshire

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Coordinates

Latitude: 54.2749 / 54°16'29"N

Longitude: -0.6226 / 0°37'21"W

OS Eastings: 489785.915272

OS Northings: 487456.91525

OS Grid: SE897874

Mapcode National: GBR SM20.ZB

Mapcode Global: WHGBX.DTQ5

Entry Name: Round cairn 280m south east of High Scamridge Farm

Scheduled Date: 1 November 1972

Last Amended: 5 July 2002

Source: Historic England

Source ID: 1020753

English Heritage Legacy ID: 35435

County: North Yorkshire

Civil Parish: Ebberston and Yedingham

Traditional County: Yorkshire

Lieutenancy Area (Ceremonial County): North Yorkshire

Church of England Parish: Ebberston St Mary

Church of England Diocese: York

Details

The monument includes a round cairn which is situated in a prominent
position towards the top of a north east facing slope overlooking the head
of Troutsdale, on the central plateau of the Tabular Hills.

The cairn has a stony mound which stands up to 1m high. Formerly the mound
had a diameter of 18m, but forestry ploughing has clipped the southern
edge so that now it has a maximum diameter of 16m. Partial excavation in
the past has left a hollow in the centre of the mound. The cairn lies in
an area where there are many other burial monuments as well as the remains
of prehistoric land division.

MAP EXTRACT
The site of the monument is shown on the attached map extract.
It includes a 2 metre boundary around the archaeological features,
considered to be essential for the monument's support and preservation.

Source: Historic England

Reasons for Scheduling

Round cairns are prehistoric funerary monuments dating to the Bronze Age
(c.2000-700 BC). They were constructed as stone mounds covering single or
multiple burials. These burials may be placed within the mound in stone-lined
compartments called cists. In some cases the cairn was surrounded by a ditch.
Often occupying prominent locations, cairns are a major visual element in the
modern landscape. They are a relatively common feature of the uplands and are
the stone equivalent of the earthen round barrows of the lowlands. Their
considerable variation in form and longevity as a monument type provide
important information on the diversity of beliefs and social organisation
amongst early prehistoric communities. They are particularly representative of
their period and a substantial proportion of surviving examples are considered
worthy of protection.

Despite limited disturbance, the round cairn 280m south east of High
Scamridge Farm has survived well. Significant information about the
original form of the cairn and the burials placed within it will be
preserved. Evidence for earlier land use and the contemporary environment
will also survive beneath the mound. The cairn lies in an area where
there are many other burial monuments, as well as a concentration of
prehistoric land boundaries. The relationships between these monuments are
important for understanding the division and use of the landscape for
social, ritual and agricultural purposes during the later prehistoric
period.

Source: Historic England

Sources

Books and journals
Northern Archaeological Associates, , North York Moors Forest Survey Phase Two, (1996)
Other
Craster, OE, AM7, (1972)

Source: Historic England

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