Ancient Monuments

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Cist and associated mound in Langridge Wood, 410m north west of Treborough Lodge

A Scheduled Monument in Withycombe, Somerset

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Latitude: 51.1267 / 51°7'36"N

Longitude: -3.4103 / 3°24'36"W

OS Eastings: 301407.478178

OS Northings: 137329.565178

OS Grid: ST014373

Mapcode National: GBR LM.97VW

Mapcode Global: VH6GT.TYZ3

Entry Name: Cist and associated mound in Langridge Wood, 410m north west of Treborough Lodge

Scheduled Date: 23 February 1977

Last Amended: 24 April 2002

Source: Historic England

Source ID: 1020689

English Heritage Legacy ID: 35310

County: Somerset

Civil Parish: Withycombe

Traditional County: Somerset

Lieutenancy Area (Ceremonial County): Somerset


The monument includes a prehistoric stone-built cist and the remains of an
associated earth mound located on the Brendon Hills.
The cist is rectangular in plan and orientated from east to west at the
base of an approximately circular mound which has been largely flattened.
The interior of the cist is lined with slate slabs and its sides are 2m
long, 0.75m wide, and up to 0.85m deep. A large irregular shaped slab with
sides up to 1.6m long partially covers the open cist; this represents a
now displaced capstone. The mound is composed of stone and earth and has a
maximum diameter of 14m and a maximum height of 0.6m. The original profile
of the mound has been obscured due to material being removed in the early
19th century for road building. The cist contained a human skeleton which
was revealed during this stone removal in 1820; the remains were
re-interred in nearby Treborough churchyard.

The site of the monument is shown on the attached map extract.
It includes a 2 metre boundary around the archaeological features,
considered to be essential for the monument's support and preservation.

Source: Historic England

Reasons for Scheduling

Exmoor is the most easterly of the three main upland areas in the south
western peninsula of England. In contrast to the other two areas, Dartmoor
and Bodmin Moor, there has been no history of antiquarian research and
little excavation of Exmoor monuments. However, survey work has confirmed
a comparable richness of archaeological remains with evidence of human
exploitation and occupation from the Mesolithic period to the present day.
Cists are stone burial chambers and they are closely associated with the
Bronze Age. They were constructed as stone-lined chambers into which an
inhumation burial or cremation was inserted; a capstone was usually
provided to seal the chamber. They are sometimes free-standing but were
more often covered over with a mound of earth to form a barrow or piled
over with stone to form a cairn.
The cist and associated mound in Langridge Wood, 410m north west of
Treborough Lodge is one of only seven cists to have been documented on
Exmoor and one of two to survive. Despite the upper part of the mound
having been removed in the early 19th century for road building, the cist
itself remains intact apart from its displaced capstone and it provides
visible evidence of Bronze Age burial practices. Its surviving mound will
contain archaeological deposits and environmental evidence relating to the
monument and the landscape in which it was constructed.

Source: Historic England


Books and journals
Riley, H, Wilson-North, R, The Field Archaeology of Exmoor, (2001), 35
Grinsell, L V, 'Proceedings of Somerset Archaelogical & Natural History Society' in Somerset Barrows, , Vol. 113, (1969), 42

Source: Historic England

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