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Bowl barrow west of Rotherley Wood, 750m WNW of Park Cottage

A Scheduled Monument in Berwick St. John, Wiltshire

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Coordinates

Latitude: 50.971 / 50°58'15"N

Longitude: -2.0739 / 2°4'26"W

OS Eastings: 394907.018001

OS Northings: 119065.410601

OS Grid: ST949190

Mapcode National: GBR 2ZK.4GJ

Mapcode Global: FRA 66JJ.ZVZ

Entry Name: Bowl barrow west of Rotherley Wood, 750m WNW of Park Cottage

Scheduled Date: 10 April 1957

Last Amended: 11 February 2002

Source: Historic England

Source ID: 1020464

English Heritage Legacy ID: 33561

County: Wiltshire

Civil Parish: Berwick St. John

Traditional County: Wiltshire

Lieutenancy Area (Ceremonial County): Wiltshire

Church of England Parish: Berwick St John St John

Church of England Diocese: Salisbury

Details

The monument includes a bowl barrow west of Rotherley Wood, 750m WNW of
Park Cottage, situated on a south facing spur just below the summit of the
ridge.
The barrow mound has been reduced in height by ploughing but was recorded in
1955 as having a diameter of 6.5m and a height of 0.3m. Surrounding the mound
is a quarry ditch from which material for its construction was derived. This
is no longer visible on the surface but will survive as a buried feature
approximately 2m wide. A second barrow of similar size was recorded about 30m
to the west of this. This can no longer be verified on the ground nor on
aerial photographs and is not included in the scheduling.

MAP EXTRACT
The site of the monument is shown on the attached map extract.
It includes a 2 metre boundary around the archaeological features,
considered to be essential for the monument's support and preservation.

Source: Historic England

Reasons for Scheduling

Cranborne Chase is an area of chalkland well known for its high number,
density and diversity of archaeological remains. These include a rare
combination of Neolithic and Early Bronze Age sites, comprising one of the
largest concentrations of burial monuments in England, the largest known
cursus (a linear ritual monument) and a significant number and range of henge
monuments (Late Neolithic ceremonial centres). Other important remains include
a variety of enclosures, settlements, field systems and linear boundaries
which date throughout prehistory and into the Romano-British and medieval
periods. This high level of survival of archaeological remains is due largely
to the later history of the Chase. Cranborne Chase formed a Royal Hunting
Ground from at least Norman times, and much of the archaeological survival
within the area resulted from associated laws controlling land-use which
applied until 1830. The unique archaeological character of the Chase has
attracted much attention over the years, notably during the later 19th
century, by the pioneering work on the Chase of General Pitt-Rivers, Sir
Richard Colt Hoare and Edward Cunnington, often regarded as the fathers of
British archaeology. Archaeological investigations have continued throughout
the 20th century and to the present day.
Bowl barrows, the most numerous form of round barrow, are funerary monuments
dating from the Late Neolithic to the Late Bronze Age, with most examples
belonging to the period 2400-1500 BC. They were constructed as earthen or
rubble mounds, sometimes ditched, which covered single or multiple burials.
They occur either in isolation or grouped as cemeteries and often acted as a
focus for burials in later periods. Often superficially similar, although
differing widely in size, they exhibit regional variations in form and a
diversity of burial practices. Over 10,000 bowl barrows are known to survive
nationally, of which a cluster of at least 395 examples has been identified on
Cranborne Chase. Some of these have been levelled by ploughing but remain
visible from the air as ring ditches. Buried remains will nevertheless survive
at these sites, both within the ditch fills and associated with the central
burial pit. Bowl barrows are particularly representative of their period,
whilst their considerable variation of form and longevity as a monument type
will provide important information on the diversity of beliefs and social
organisation amongst early prehistoric communities. Often occupying prominent
locations, they are a major historic element in the modern landscape and
constitute a significant component of the archaeology of Cranborne Chase. All
surviving examples within this area are, therefore, considered to be of
national importance.

The bowl barrow west of Rotherley Wood, 750m WNW of Park Cottage, is part of a
dispersed group of similar monuments in this area of Cranborne Chase. It will
preserve archaeological remains providing information relating to later
prehistoric funerary practices, society and the contemporary environment.

Source: Historic England

Sources

Books and journals
Grinsell, LV, The Victoria History of the County of Wiltshire: Volume V, (1957), 156

Source: Historic England

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