Ancient Monuments

History on the Ground

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Robin Hood's Bower earthwork enclosure in Southleigh Wood

A Scheduled Monument in Longbridge Deverill, Wiltshire

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Latitude: 51.18 / 51°10'47"N

Longitude: -2.1777 / 2°10'39"W

OS Eastings: 387676.215092

OS Northings: 142318.854497

OS Grid: ST876423

Mapcode National: GBR 1VD.VNC

Mapcode Global: VH97P.6LLS

Entry Name: Robin Hood's Bower earthwork enclosure in Southleigh Wood

Scheduled Date: 19 April 1956

Last Amended: 11 February 2000

Source: Historic England

Source ID: 1020365

English Heritage Legacy ID: 33523

County: Wiltshire

Civil Parish: Longbridge Deverill

Traditional County: Wiltshire

Lieutenancy Area (Ceremonial County): Wiltshire

Church of England Parish: The Deverills and Horningsham

Church of England Diocese: Salisbury


The monument includes Robin Hood's Bower, a sub-rectangular prehistoric
earthwork enclosure on low lying Greensand south of Warminster.
The monument comprises a sub-rectangular area of 200 sq m enclosed by a ditch
up to 1m deep and 7.2m wide and a slight inner bank 3.3m wide and up to 0.2m
high. The enclosure is crossed by a modern track.

The site of the monument is shown on the attached map extract.
It includes a 2 metre boundary around the archaeological features,
considered to be essential for the monument's support and preservation.

Source: Historic England

Reasons for Scheduling

Earthen enclosures provide evidence of land use and agricultural practices in
the prehistoric and Romano-British period, although later examples are also
known. They were constructed as stock pens or as protected areas for crop
growing and were sometimes subdivided to provide temporary accommodation for
stock, farmers or herdsmen. The size and form of enclosures may vary
considerably depending on their particular function.
Robin Hood's Bower earthwork enclosure in Southleigh Wood is a well preserved
example of an earthwork enclosure and will contain archaeological and
environmental evidence relating to the people who built it and the landscape
in which they lived.

Source: Historic England


Books and journals
Colt Hoare, R, The Ancient History of Wiltshire: Volume I, (1812), 50

Source: Historic England

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