Ancient Monuments

History on the Ground

This site is entirely user-supported. See how you can help.

Hilltop enclosure known as Castle Park Camp, 720m north west of Pomphlett

A Scheduled Monument in Milton Abbot, Devon

Approximate Location Map
Large Map »
Street or Overhead View
Contributor Photos »

If Google Street View is available, the image is from the best available vantage point looking, if possible, towards the location of the monument. Where it is not available, the satellite view is shown instead.

Coordinates

Latitude: 50.5967 / 50°35'47"N

Longitude: -4.2286 / 4°13'43"W

OS Eastings: 242363.692581

OS Northings: 79807.246621

OS Grid: SX423798

Mapcode National: GBR NR.CRNR

Mapcode Global: FRA 271H.6DZ

Entry Name: Hilltop enclosure known as Castle Park Camp, 720m north west of Pomphlett

Scheduled Date: 19 November 1965

Last Amended: 24 April 2002

Source: Historic England

Source ID: 1020274

English Heritage Legacy ID: 35252

County: Devon

Civil Parish: Milton Abbot

Traditional County: Devon

Lieutenancy Area (Ceremonial County): Devon

Details

This monument includes a hilltop enclosure situated on a very prominent hill
forming the watershed between the valleys of tributaries to the River Lyd and
River Tamar. The monument survives as an oval enclosure defined to the north,
west and partially to the east by a ditch and bank and to the south and partly
to the east by a distinct lynchet. The enclosed area measures up to 130m from
north to south by up to 70m east to west. To the south and east the ramparts
are defined by a lynchet up to 9.7m wide and 1m high. On the south western
side there is also a slight bank up to 8m wide and 0.2m high. The earthworks
are best preserved to the north and west. The rampart is up to 1.9m high
externally and 6m wide. An outer ditch is also visible and this survives up to
8m wide and 0.2m deep. The ramparts have been cut in three places by tracks up
to 4m wide.
The stock proof fences which cross the earthworks are excluded from the
scheduling, although the ground beneath these features is included.

MAP EXTRACT
The site of the monument is shown on the attached map extract.
It includes a 2 metre boundary around the archaeological features,
considered to be essential for the monument's support and preservation.

Source: Historic England

Reasons for Scheduling

Hilltop enclosures are defined as sub-rectangular or elongated areas of
ground, usually between 10ha and 40ha in size, situated on hilltops or
plateaux and surrounded by slight univallate earthworks. They date to between
the Bronze Age and Early Iron Age (eighth-fifth centuries BC) and are usually
interpreted as stock enclosures or sites where agricultural produce was
stored. Many examples of hilltop enclosures may have developed into more
strongly defended sites later in the Iron Age period and are therefore often
difficult to recognise in their original form. The earthworks generally
consist of a bank separated from an external ditch by a level berm. Access to
the interior was generally provided by two or three entrances which consisted
of simple gaps in the rampart. Evidence for internal features is largely
dependent on excavation, and to date this has included large areas of sparsely
scattered features including post and stakeholes, hearths and pits.
Rectangular or square buildings are also evident; these are generally defined
by between four and six postholes and are thought to have supported raised
granaries. Hilltop enclosures are rare, with between 25 and 30 examples
recorded nationally. A greater number may exist but these could have been
developed into hillforts later in the Iron Age and could only be confirmed by
detailed survey or excavation. The majority of known examples are located in
two regions, on the chalk downland of Wessex and Sussex and in the Cotswolds.
More scattered examples are found in north-east Oxfordshire and north
Northamptonshire. This class of monument has not been recorded outside
England. In view of the rarity of hilltop enclosures and their importance in
understanding the transition between Bronze Age and Iron Age communities, all
examples with surviving archaeological remains are believed to be of
national importance.

Despite reduction in the height of the rampart to the south and east through
cultivation and the presence of old forest tracks in the northern part of the
enclosure, the hilltop enclosure known as Castle Park Camp 700m north west of
Pomphlett survives comparatively well and will contain archaeological and
environmental information relating to the monument's construction, use and
landscape context.

Source: Historic England

Sources

Other
Devon County Sites and Monuments Register, SX47NW7, (1988)

Source: Historic England

Other nearby scheduled monuments

AncientMonuments.uk is an independent online resource and is not associated with any government department. All government data published here is used under licence. Please do not contact AncientMonuments.uk for any queries related to any individual ancient or schedued monument, planning permission related to scheduled monuments or the scheduling process itself.

AncientMonuments.uk is a Good Stuff website.