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Civil War redoubt 750m south east of East Linnacombe

A Scheduled Monument in Sourton, Devon

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Coordinates

Latitude: 50.7087 / 50°42'31"N

Longitude: -4.0607 / 4°3'38"W

OS Eastings: 254591.935668

OS Northings: 91915.847668

OS Grid: SX545919

Mapcode National: GBR Q0.4LSV

Mapcode Global: FRA 27C6.KT4

Entry Name: Civil War redoubt 750m south east of East Linnacombe

Scheduled Date: 16 December 1974

Last Amended: 24 April 2002

Source: Historic England

Source ID: 1020269

English Heritage Legacy ID: 34287

County: Devon

Civil Parish: Sourton

Traditional County: Devon

Lieutenancy Area (Ceremonial County): Devon

Church of England Parish: Sourton

Church of England Diocese: Exeter

Details

This monument includes a Civil War redoubt situated in an elevated position
with wide views overlooking Dartmoor and the valley of the River Thrushel.
The monument survives as a double ditched, square-shaped enclosure with a
square central platform measuring 13.9m across and 0.7m high, topped by a
slight bank up to 3.6m wide and 0.2m high.
Surrounding the square platform is a 2m wide and 0.2m deep ditch, beyond which
is a second bank 1.8m wide and 0.2m high, which is visible on all sides except
the west, and a second ditch up to 2.4m wide and 0.3m deep, visible to the
north, south and east but preserved as a buried feature to the west. A slight
bank to the south west may indicate the original entrance. The earthwork,
which resembles that of the Scots Redoubt, Newark, dated 1646, was possibly
erected in 1642 to guard the Cornish side of Okehampton. Partial excavation in
1986 showed that the outer ditch was much less substantial than the `V'-shaped
inner one, and tip lines in the inner ditch indicated that there had once been
a substantial bank around the central platform. Medieval pottery was also
discovered.
A stock proof fence crosses the monument on its western side. This is
excluded from the scheduling, although the ground beneath this feature is
included.

MAP EXTRACT
The site of the monument is shown on the attached map extract.
It includes a 2 metre boundary around the archaeological features,
considered to be essential for the monument's support and preservation.

Source: Historic England

Reasons for Scheduling

English Civil War fieldworks are earthworks which were raised during military
operations between 1642 and 1645 to provide temporary protection for infantry
or to act as gun emplacements. The earthworks, which may have been reinforced
with revetting and palisades, consisted of banks and ditches and varied in
complexity from simple breastworks to complex systems of banks and inter-
connected trenches. They can be recognised today as surviving earthworks or as
crop- or soil-marks on aerial photographs. The circumstances and cost of their
construction may be referred to in contemporary historical documents.
Fieldworks are recorded widely throughout England with concentrations in the
main areas of campaigning. Those with a defensive function were often sited to
protect settlements or their approaches. Those with an offensive function were
designed to dominate defensive positions and to contain the besieged areas.
There are some 150 surviving examples of fieldworks recorded nationally. All
examples which survive well and/or represent particular forms of construction
are identified as nationally important.

The Civil War redoubt 750m south east of Linnacombe survives well and is known
from partial excavation to contain important archaeological and environmental
information relating to its construction and use.

Source: Historic England

Sources

Other
Devon County Sites and Monuments Register, SX59SW2, (1994)

Source: Historic England

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