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Moated site at Naughton Hall

A Scheduled Monument in Nedging-with-Naughton, Suffolk

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Coordinates

Latitude: 52.1027 / 52°6'9"N

Longitude: 0.9517 / 0°57'6"E

OS Eastings: 602251.382089

OS Northings: 249044.169192

OS Grid: TM022490

Mapcode National: GBR SKQ.1FY

Mapcode Global: VHKF1.FDZW

Entry Name: Moated site at Naughton Hall

Scheduled Date: 9 March 2001

Source: Historic England

Source ID: 1020245

English Heritage Legacy ID: 33298

County: Suffolk

Civil Parish: Nedging-with-Naughton

Traditional County: Suffolk

Lieutenancy Area (Ceremonial County): Suffolk

Church of England Parish: Naughton St Mary

Church of England Diocese: St.Edmundsbury and Ipswich

Details

The monument includes a medieval moated site at Naughton Hall, immediately to
the north west of Naughton Green and 100m to the north of the parish church of
St Mary.

The moated site includes a roughly L-shaped island, measuring up to 116m north
east to south west by 66m north west to south east. The island is defined by a
water-filled moat, measuring up to 8m in width and 2m deep, on all but the
central section of the south east side. On this side the moat is infilled and
partly overlain by the present Naughton Hall a Listed Building Grade II, which
dates from the 17th century. The moat is expected to survive as a buried
feature here. The edge of the south eastern side of the island, directly to
the east of Naughton Hall, is revetted with modern brick. Access to the island
is across the infilled section of the south east arm of the moat. It is
thought that Naughton Hall represents a successor to an earlier house on the
island.

The shape of the moat suggests that the site may have originally comprised two
distinct enclosures. The smaller, western section with the irregular moat is
likely to have been the original site of the house, and the larger eastern
section with the narrower moat may have been an associated yard or garden,
possibly constructed as a later addition.

A transcript of an indenture dated 20th May 1611 between Edward Grymeston of
Bradfield and his eldest son and heir, Sir Harbottle Grymeston, mentions the
`capital messuage or mansion house and farm commonly called Naughton in the
County of Suffolk' together with `all the buildings, edifices, gardens,
orchards' etc.

Naughton Hall and all other outbuildings including the summer house, sheds,
chicken shed and greenhouse, together with the modern brick revetting along
the south eastern arm of the moat, all gates, walls, steps, the water butt,
outdoor lighting, the fountain in the moat, all garden furnishings, the patio
and man-made surfaces are excluded from the scheduling, however the ground
beneath these features is included.

MAP EXTRACT
The site of the monument is shown on the attached map extract.
It includes a 2 metre boundary around the archaeological features,
considered to be essential for the monument's support and preservation.

Source: Historic England

Reasons for Scheduling

Around 6,000 moated sites are known in England. They consist of wide ditches,
often or seasonally water-filled, partly or completely enclosing one or more
islands of dry ground on which stood domestic or religious buildings. In some
cases the islands were used for horticulture. The majority of moated sites
served as prestigious aristocratic and seigneurial residences with the
provision of a moat intended as a status symbol rather than a practical
military defence. The peak period during which moated sites were built was
between about 1250 and 1350 and by far the greatest concentration lies in
central and eastern parts of England. However, moated sites were built
throughout the medieval period, are widely scattered throughout England and
exhibit a high level of diversity in their forms and sizes. They form a
significant class of medieval monument and are important for the understanding
of the distribution of wealth and status in the countryside. Many examples
provide conditions favourable to the survival of organic remains.

The moated site at Naughton Hall survives well. The island is largely
undisturbed by post-medieval and modern activity and will retain buried
evidence for structures and other features relating to the development and
character of the site throughout its periods of occupation.

In addition, silts in the base of the moat are expected to contain artefacts
relating to the occupation of the moated site as well as organic remains
including evidence for the local environment in the past.

Comparative studies between this site and with further examples, both locally
and more widely, will provide valuable insights into the development and
nature of settlement in medieval England.

Source: Historic England

Sources

Other
SRO(Bury), Transcript of indenture between Edward and Sir Harbottle Grymeston, (1611)
Title: Tithe Map and Apportionment of Naughton
Source Date: 1839
Author:
Publisher:
Surveyor:
SRO(Bury): T221/1,2

Source: Historic England

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