Ancient Monuments

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Irthlingborough bowl barrow, 760m west of Rutland Lodge

A Scheduled Monument in Irthlingborough, Northamptonshire

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Latitude: 52.3324 / 52°19'56"N

Longitude: -0.5834 / 0°35'0"W

OS Eastings: 496626.2474

OS Northings: 271422.6426

OS Grid: SP966714

Mapcode National: GBR DY5.PBT

Mapcode Global: VHFP6.TMYV

Entry Name: Irthlingborough bowl barrow, 760m west of Rutland Lodge

Scheduled Date: 9 September 1992

Last Amended: 18 September 2001

Source: Historic England

Source ID: 1020235

English Heritage Legacy ID: 13667

County: Northamptonshire

Civil Parish: Irthlingborough

Traditional County: Northamptonshire

Lieutenancy Area (Ceremonial County): Northamptonshire

Church of England Parish: Irthlingborough St Peter

Church of England Diocese: Peterborough


Irthlingborough bowl barrow is located approximately 1km to the north east of
the village of Irthlingborough and lies on the east side of a disused railway
This Bronze Age bowl barrow stands as a round mound up to 2m high in the
centre and is about 40m across at its maximum diameter. Remains of a ditch
approximately 2m wide can be seen around the barrow on the north, east and
south sides. On the west side the ditch was truncated by a railway cutting
built in 1847 but the mound of the barrow is complete. Three other round
barrows are known to have existed within 400m of this site but these were
excavated prior to gravel quarrying. The mound is covered with grass and weeds
and is preserved within a fenced island in the gravel workings.

The site of the monument is shown on the attached map extract.
It includes a 5 metre boundary around the archaeological features,
considered to be essential for the monument's support and preservation.

Source: Historic England

Reasons for Scheduling

Bowl barrows, the most numerous form of round barrow, are funerary monuments
dating from the Late Neolithic period to the Late Bronze Age, with most
examples belonging to the period 2400-1500 BC. They were constructed as
earthen or rubble mounds, sometimes ditched, which covered single or multiple
burials. They occur either in isolation or grouped as cemeteries and often
acted as a focus for burials in later periods. Often superficially similar,
although differing widely in size, they exhibit regional variations in form
and a diversity of burial practices. There are over 10,000 surviving bowl
barrows recorded nationally (many more have already been destroyed), occurring
across most of lowland Britain. Often occupying prominent locations, they are
a major historic element in the modern landscape and their considerable
variation of form and longevity as a monument type provide important
information on the diversity of beliefs and social organisations amongst early
prehistoric communities. They are particularly representative of their period
and a substantial proportion of surviving examples are considered worthy of

Although partially disturbed by the railway cutting, the barrow mound is
essentially undamaged and will retain considerable potential for the
preservation of archaeological evidence.

Source: Historic England


Info supplied by John Humble CEU, EH CEU, Stanwick/ Irthlingborough Excavations Information, (1985)

Source: Historic England

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