Ancient Monuments

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Two bowl barrows 550m south west of Haydon House

A Scheduled Monument in St Cuthbert Out, Somerset

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Coordinates

Latitude: 51.2287 / 51°13'43"N

Longitude: -2.6046 / 2°36'16"W

OS Eastings: 357876.421159

OS Northings: 147893.094852

OS Grid: ST578478

Mapcode National: GBR MQ.2V87

Mapcode Global: VH89S.SCWY

Entry Name: Two bowl barrows 550m south west of Haydon House

Scheduled Date: 19 December 1929

Last Amended: 24 April 2002

Source: Historic England

Source ID: 1020208

English Heritage Legacy ID: 34868

County: Somerset

Civil Parish: St Cuthbert Out

Traditional County: Somerset

Lieutenancy Area (Ceremonial County): Somerset

Details

The monument includes two bowl barrows located on Horrington Hill, a
long chalk promontory aligned broadly from north east to south west above
West Horrington, at the eastern end of the Mendip Hills. The barrows,
which are believed to be of Late Neolithic to Bronze Age date are adjoined
from north east to south west are situated on the summit of the hill towards
its western end.
The area in which the barrows are located has been considerably disturbed
in the past by quarrying activity which has caused some disturbance to the
surface of their mounds; and it is now difficult therefore to accurately
survey the barrows at ground level. However, previous fieldwork has
recorded the barrow mounds as each being approximately 13m in diameter and
up to a maximum of 0.5m high. Aerial photographs show the mounds to be
surrounded by a single continuous ditch from which material would have
been quarried during their construction. Although not now visible at
ground level, this ditch survives as a buried feature about 1.5m wide.

MAP EXTRACT
The site of the monument is shown on the attached map extract.
It includes a 2 metre boundary around the archaeological features,
considered to be essential for the monument's support and preservation.

Source: Historic England

Reasons for Scheduling

Bowl barrows, the most numerous form of round barrow, are funerary monuments
dating from the Late Neolithic period to the Late Bronze Age, with most
examples belonging to the period 2400-1500 BC. They were constructed as
earthen or rubble mounds, sometimes ditched, which covered single or multiple
burials. They occur either in isolation or grouped as cemeteries and often
acted as a focus for burials in later periods. Often superficially similar,
although differing widely in size, they exhibit regional variations in form
and a diversity of burial practices. There are over 10,000 surviving bowl
barrows recorded nationally (many more have already been destroyed), occurring
across most of lowland Britain. Often occupying prominent locations, they are
a major historic element in the modern landscape and their considerable
variation of form and longevity as a monument type provide important
information on the diversity of beliefs and social organisations amongst early
prehistoric communities. They are particularly representative of their period
and a substantial proportion of surviving examples are considered worthy of
protection.

Despite disturbance to the mounds from past quarrying, the two bowl
barrows 550m south west of Haydon House will contain archaeological
remains and environmental evidence relating to the monument and the
landscape in which it was constructed.

Source: Historic England

Sources

Books and journals
Grinsell, L, 'Proceedings of Somerset Archaeology and Natural History Society' in Somerset Barrows, (1971), 117
Grinsell, L, 'Proceedings of Somerset Archaeology and Natural History Society' in Somerset Barrows, (1971), 117
Tratman, E K, 'Proc Univ Bristol Spel Soc' in Fieldwork, (1938)
Tratman, E K, 'Proc Univ Bristol Spel Soc' in Fieldwork, (1938)

Source: Historic England

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